Moldova's Relations with European Union

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 54
  • Published : November 22, 2010
Open Document
Text Preview
Moldova’s relations with European Union:
the wind of change?

Content:
1. Historical overview ……………………………………………………………………….2 2. From RSSM to Republic of Moldova……………………………..……...……………….3 3. Moldova’s relations with EU: …………………………………………………………….3 3.1. 1991-1998 - “wait and see”…………………………………………………………..4 3.2. 1998-2008 – “two steps forward and one back”……………………...………………4 3.3. 2009-2010 – “twitter revolution”- turning point in Moldova – EU relations ………..6 3.4. November, 28th, 2010 -? ………………………………………………………….….9 4. Current issues of Moldova – EU relations………………………………………………...9 5. Which way further? ………………………………………………………………...……11 6. Bibliography ……………………………………………………………………...……..13

1. Historical overview
By many years, Basarabia (currently, Moldova) - a territory of just 33,846 km2, located between two rivers: Nistru and Prut, mainly populated by Romanians, was a mean of exchange between Ottoman and Russian Empire. The Principality of Moldavia, established in 1359 comprised the present-day territory of the Republic of Moldova, the eastern eight of the 41 counties of Romania, and the Chernivtsi oblast and Budgeac region of Ukraine. In 1538, the principality became a tributary to the Ottoman Empire, but it retained internal and partial external autonomy. In 1600, inhabitants of the Romanian provinces saw for the first time their dream of reunification as reality. Michael the Brave leaded simultaneously the Romanian principalities of Wallachia, Moldova and Transilvania for one year. In 1812, despite numerous protests by Moldavan nobles on behalf of their autonomous status, the Ottoman Empire ceded to the Russian Empire the eastern half of the territory of the Principality of Moldavia along with Hotin and Budgeac. The next 106 years, Romanians from Basarabia were under continues Russification and Romanian language was gradually removed from official and religious use. Basarabia proclaimed independence from Russia on February 6, 1918, and on April 9, 1918 united with the Kingdom of Romania. In August 1939, the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact and its secret additional protocol were signed, by which Nazi Germany recognized Basarabia as being within the Soviet sphere of influence, which led the latter to actively revive its claim to the region. On June 28, 1940, the Soviet Union, with the acknowledgement of the Nazi Germany, issued an ultimatum to Romania requesting the cession of Basarabia and northern Bucovina, with which Romania complied the following day. The Moldovan Soviet Socialist Republic was established and Moldova became a tiny part of the “Evil Empire”. During the Soviet period, deportations of locals to the northern Urals, to Siberia, and northern Kazakhstan occurred regularly. Other forms of Soviet persecution of the population included 32,433 political arrests, followed by Gulag (in 8,360 cases) or execution and collectivization. In 1944-53, there were several anti-Soviet resistance groups in Moldova; however the NKVD and later MGB managed to eventually arrest, execute or deport their members. Official Soviet policy asserted that the language spoken by Moldovans was distinct from the Romanian language (“Moldovenism”). To distinguish the two, during the Soviet period, Moldovan was written in the Cyrillic alphabet, in contrast with Romanian, which was written in the Latin alphabet. On August 27, 1989, the Popular Front of Moldova organized a mass demonstration in Chisinau, that became known as the Grand National Assembly, which pressured the authorities of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic to adopt a language law on August 31, 1989 that proclaimed the Moldovan language written in the Latin script to be the state language. Its identity with the Romanian language was also established.

2. From RSSM to Republic of Moldova
The third richest colony of Soviet Union, Moldova, obtained its independence in 1991 and in just 20 years managed to become the poorest country in Europe....
tracking img