Have you heard about counseling? What are your thoughts about counseling? When do you need to go and visit a counselor? Do you think counseling really helps? Other people might think that counseling is only for people who have mental problems that do not know how to handle their personal problems. Some might think that there are very few benefits from counseling and others might also think that there are no benefits from counseling while some are just so confident that they believe that they could solve their problems on their own. As you go on the pages of this module, we hope that you learn more about counseling and hopefully, you would be able to apply it on your life. [pic] OBJECTIVES
By the end of this unit, you should be able to:
• Define Counseling.
• Enumerate the benefits of Counseling
• Identify and Recognize the different types of Counseling and it’s Approaches
• Differentiate Guidance from Counseling
WHAT IS COUNSELING?
Most people’s problems are not simplistic but result from a complicated intertwining of many factors. Economic hardships and personal problems can make it easy for life to feel overwhelming. Counseling offers people a vehicle to see their problems in a different light. This often provides a sense of hope and support for the changes that will improve their life situation. Through counseling, clients learn about their issues through a professional that offers an educated perspective on solutions. Clients learn methods of healthy functioning, maintaining and nourishing relationships, and individual problem solving. Counseling is a process of helping individuals or group of people to gain self-understanding in order to be themselves. Burker and Steffler (1979) see counseling as a professional relationship between a trained Counselor and a client. BAC (1984) said that counseling’ includes work with individuals and with relationships which may be developmental, crisis support, psychotherapeutic, guiding or problem solving. It gives give the ‘client’ an opportunity to explore, discover and clarify ways of living more satisfyingly and resourcefully. Olayinka (1972) defined it to be a process whereby a person is helped in a face-to-face relationship while Makinde (1983) explained counseling as an enlightened process whereby people help others by encouraging their growth. Counselling is a process designed to help clients understand and clarify personal views of their life space, and to learn to reach their self-determined goals through meaningful, well-informed choices and a resolution of problems of an emotional or interpersonal nature. It believes that every human individual has the potential for self-growth, self-development and self actualization. [pic] WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF COUNSELING?
There are times that the challenges in our lives may lead to isolation, anxiety, depression, and other health problems. Through counseling, you can explore your alternatives, build on your strengths, and develop new skills. But, even though counseling is not scary and can provide things that other professions cannot, what exactly are the benefits of counseling? The main benefit of counseling is that it helps you to have a life which you can more fully enjoy and appreciate. It can help you to become the sort of person you want to be. It can also help you to more deeply enjoy your important relationships. You might use counseling to:
• feel better about yourself
• feel more at peace, more comfortable, or more secure in the world • feel more successfully (and more joyfully) connected with others (including your spouse/partner) • reduce stress (which promotes physical health too)
• work through problems with a skilled, and compassionate professional • identify your goals (Those which can support the kind of life you would like to have) • learn new behaviors and/or responses...
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