Jose Rizal's 1892 plan for a "colegio moderno" or a modern college
To form and educate young men of good family and means in accordance with the demands of modern times and circumstances.
Rizal's basic curriculum consisted of five subject areas:
1. Morals, Study of Religions, Natural Law, Civil Law, Deportment and Hygiene.
2. Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry, Natural History, Geography and Political Economy.
3. World History, Philippine History, Logic, Spanish, Rhetoric and Poetics.
4. Spanish, English, French, German, Chinese and Tagalog.
5. Gymnastics, Equitation, Fencing, Swimming, Music, Drawing and Dance.
Like many things, Rizal's dream of this proposed school was never established but the plans alone are worth rereading because it outlined the administration of the school, examination of teachers, even the way that shares would be divided among the administration and faculty of the school who were its principal stockholders.
In all this detail, the one component conspicuously absent in Rizal's school is instruction and practice of Religion. This may well be Rizal's reaction to his own education, but it is clear that although he was born, raised (and some say, died) a Roman Catholic, Rizal did not include Catechism in his curriculum which was standard in all schools of his day. Although Rizal was born, raised (and some say, died) a Roman Catholic, Rizal did not include Catechism in his curriculum which was standard in all schools of his day. Although Rizal had Roman Catholic catechism as a built-in part of his education in the Philippines, whether this was from his mother's knee at home, primary schooling with tutors, secondary schooling at the Jesuit-run Ateneo Municipal de Manila, or courses preparatory to medicine at the Dominican-run University of Santo Tomas, none of this was reflected in his curriculum. Instead of catechism, Rizal proposed the study of religions which would probably make... [continues]
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