Modernization

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Future Of Modernization
Lisa M. Allen
University of Phoenix

Modernization is the process of social change in societies since industrialization, according to Peter Berger four characteristics are identified in modernization; the decrease of traditional communities, broadening of personal choice, an increase in social diversity, and looking toward the future (Axia College, 2010). Durkheim’s theory division of labor establishes that people highly specialized roles creating an organic solidarity with mutual dependency between people, similar to Tonnies concept of Gesellschaft in which people come together only on the basis of individual self-interest (Axia College, 2010), also giving rise to global expansion through organic solidarity. Durkheim believed organic solidarity would take over the traditional community, in which Durkheim termed as mechanical solidarity or the shared moral beliefs of preindustrial societies, this also being similar to Tonnies concept of Gemeinschaft in which people are closely linked by kinship and tradition (Axia College, 2010). Though Durkheim and Tonnies had similar theories to the concept of modernization, Durkheim is known to lean toward a more optimistic outlook; however Durkheim was weary of societies collapsing into a state in which little moral guidance would be offered to individuals which he termed as anomie (Axia College, 2010). According to sources the process of modernization is seen to encompass such trends as urbanization, secularization, the development of mass production and consumption, the growth of bureaucracy, and the emergence of a large managerial middle class (Modernization, n.d.). In the United States modernization can be viewed through the advances made through women gaining equality, the growth of industries through new technologies, the decrease in family owned businesses, family farms being bought by bigger companies, the growth in power of the government, and the weaker traditional values that some...
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