Modernism:- The study of knowledge
* World War I
* Stylistic experimentation
* Internal narratives; experiments in rendering consciousness * Fragmentation
* As reaction to the 19th century novel and art (representational/figurative) * Critique of industrialization
* Sociopolitical critique of the status quo
* Psychoanalysis and an increasing interest in the internal world of the mind, both the pathological and the “normal” * Emergent film technologies
* Revolution in physics
* Movements: Realism, Romanism- trying to depict a picture in everyday life; WWI, industrialization, political divides- capitalism/communism
Ex. of realism art: Portrait of a lady, pride and prejudice
In the beginning of 19th century, 80% of the world was colonized.
In the early 20th century, after WWI, people start to react to a delusion of reality, start questioning
The following typologies are related to modernism (more specifically, to modernist literature): 1) The modernist novel asks questions such as:
* How can I interpret the world?
* What is there to be known? Who knows it? To what degree of certainty? * What are the limits of knowledge?
2) Some devises used to reflect these questions:
* Stream of consciousness
* Moving away from third person omniscient narrator
* Unreliable narrator
3) Characteristics of modernist fiction:
* Multiplication/juxtaposition of perspectives
* Focalization of all evidence through one consciousness, although this consciousness can splinter * Internal monologue—stream of consciousness—ex: Joyce’s “Penelope” chapter in Ulysses. * Dislocated chronology.
* Dichotomy between illusion and reality
* Distortions of memory—past oriented/Distortions of desire—future oriented