Modern Middle East: Kuwait
Kuwait is a country located in the Middle East. It is approximately the size of Rhode Island and has a population of only about 2,695,316 people. For most of its existence, Kuwait has been dominated and controlled by others. Only up until recently has it been able to gain its independence from its rulers like the UK and Iraq. Although Kuwait is now independent, it still has major issues of governance. Many problems still occur throughout Kuwait such as lack of human’s rights for minority groups. Under the rule of a constitutional emirate government, the people of Kuwait hold on everyday with what they have.
Kuwait was once a colony of the British UK until its independence in 1961. Iraq believed at the time that Kuwait was historically and rightfully theirs. Kuwait and Iraq had been good allies for a period of time until 1990 when Iraq invaded Kuwait. This time it was over an argument about economic and diplomatic issues. When Iraq was in a war with Iran, Kuwait was there to help Iraq with ports so they could import and export goods. Due to the war, Iraq seemed to owe Kuwait at the end a debt of about 14 billion US Dollars. In order to pay off the debt, “Iraq asked Kuwait to wave the debt as payment for Iraq protecting the Arab world from a Persian invasion.” (TheFinerTimes) Kuwait did not agree to these terms because they had other plans in mind. During 1989, both countries tried to come up with solutions to resolve the problem of this debt. In an attempt, Iraq asked OPEC to lower the quota of oil in order to raise money to pay off all debts. Kuwait did not sit well with this idea. So in fact, Kuwait then asked OPEC to increase the quota by 50%. This would send Iraq into a financial crisis. The final rumble between the two sent Iraq over the edge when they made allegations that Kuwait was drilling for oil at an angle crossing international borders of the Rumailia oil field. This had meant that Kuwait was...
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