'His reign saw Imperial Russia go from one of the foremost great powers of the world to an economic and military disaster.' - Anna Yudina
‘Nicholas said over and over again: 'As God wills.' It wasn't as God wills. He had made mistakes and he was leading Russia in the wrong direction…’ - Robert K. Massie
'The people of Petrograd were cold and hungry – a dangerous combination for Nicholas' - Historian Chris Trueman
'The growing influence of Gregory Rasputin over the Romanov’s did a great deal to damage the royal family' - Historian Chris Trueman
'Rasputin brought huge disrepute on the Romanov’s' - Historian Chris Trueman
‘There was the belief that if one could get rid of Rasputin the revolution may not happen.’ - Historian Orlando Figes
‘It [the Tsarina’s relationship with Rasputin] was to create a rift that would...contribute to downfall of the Romanov dynasty’ - Carol Townend
'But Rasputin’s murder had been too little and too late to save the autocracy' - Carol Townend
'...the royal family became inextricably linked to a disreputable man like Gregory Rasputin. Such an association only brought discredit to the Romanovs.' - Historian Chris Trueman
‘This protest may well have been the turning point in the relationship the tsar, Nicholas II, enjoyed with his people.’ - Historian Chris Trueman
Revolutionist at the time Leon Trotsky “Nicholas inherited from his ancestors not only a giant empire, but also a revolution. And they did not bequeath him one quality which would have made him capable of governing an empire...”
Nicholas’ own diary entry from the day his father died, he writes 'What am I going to do? What is going to happen to me…to all Russia? I am not prepared to be a Tsar. I never wanted to become one. I know nothing of the business of ruling...'
Nicholas writes in his diary on the day of his abdication ‘My abdication is needed…in the name of saving Russia and maintaining calm in the army at the front’.
Ariadna Tyrkova, a woman from Nicholas' time, commented on Rasputin saying '...Rasputin’s proximity to the Tsar’s family proved fatal to the dynasty…'
‘..The thought flashed through my mind, And this is the work of our Little Father, ‘’the Tsar". Perhaps the anger saved me, for now I knew in very truth that a new chapter was opened in the book of history of our people.’ - Father Gapon
Civil War Causes:
'The origins of the Civil War may be traced to a complex mix of causes' - Kennedy Hickman
Uncle Tom's Cabin:
"So you're the little woman who wrote the book that started this great war." - Abraham to Stowe
Stowe's novel changed the political scene by making the North...far more open to it [Antislavery reform]' -- David Reynolds 'The novel paved the way to an antislavery candidate like Lincoln. Simultaneously, it stiffened the South's resolve to defend slavery and demonize the North'. - David Reynolds
'Forcing an artificial geographic line on a deeply cultural and political issue like slavery...worsened social tensions and led to conflicts.' Clayton Browne
Nat Turner Revolt:
'It ignited a culture of fear in Virginia that eventually spread to the rest of the South, and...expedited the coming of the Civil War'. - Jennifer Larson
Kansas Nebraska Act:
"Whatever the chances of avoiding disunion before Kansas-Nebraska, they fell dramatically as a result of it.” - George Forgie
"One hundred fifty years ago, the Kansas-Nebraska Act set the stage for America's civil war" - Ross Drake
"The violence, which became known as Bleeding Kansas, was a symptom of the highly controversial Kansas-Nebraska Act." - Robert McNamara
‘The Kansas-Nebraska Act was a major step on the road to Civil War.’ – Robert McNamara
‘The Kansas-Nebraska Act had set the nation hurtling toward an eventual Civil War’ – Robert McNamara
John Brown's Raid:
'The controversy over his...