TASK 4 – Explain how Britain and Germany attempted to increase their military and material strength in the period between 1914 and 1918. Today I will be explaining how Britain and Germany attempted to increase their military and material strength in the period between 1914 and 1918. On August 4, 1914, in response to the invasion of Belgium, Britain declared war on Germany. Lord Kitchener was appointed Secretary of State for War and immediately ordered the mass expansion of the army, at that point in time Germany already had triple the amount of men in uniform than Britain did, so the expansion was vital for any hope of Britain succeeding at war.
On August 6, two days later, the British Parliament sanctioned an increase of 500,000 men for the regular army and some days later a proclamation was issued for 100,000 volunteers to serve for a period of three years, or the duration of the war. This force was to be known as the First New Army and again in September another 100,000 men volunteered to form the Second New Army. Over the next two years British industry and agriculture went from peacetime activity to almost 100% devoted to the war effort, by 1916 hardly anybody in Great Britain was either directly or indirectly not involved in war time activity, as reflected in “Wars and Welfare” by the British historian Max Beloff in (source C)
Germany increased their activities in a similar fashion but not at the same rate as Great Britain because they started from a stronger position as they had far more men in uniform and significantly more military hardware at the time war was declared. Both countries industrial output included an enormous focus on artillery and artillery shell manufacture. Its estimated the number of shells that were manufactured and fired in WW1 could have been close to half a billion. To assist in the success of the huge manufacturing effort in both countries huge amounts of patriotic propaganda was constantly being released to ensure maximum...
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