Given the success of the operation from the Colombian Army in which 15 hostages were released. Should the Colombian Government still consider an agreement with FARC and give them the area that they asked for in order to start the negotiations for the peace??
The second of July 2008 the Colombian army released from the hands of Farc fifteen hostages including three North Americans and the half French Ingrid Betancourt. In many opportunities the government of Colombia has shown its willingness to talk to Farc in order to make an agreement of peace. Nevertheless to the actual government to give the first big step in a negotiated peace has been hard, since the revolutionary group has a first request which consist in the demilitarization of Florida and Pradera, two towns in the south west of Colombia. Once these places are demilitarized the legislative body of Farc will go there to talk about a ‘prisoner’s exchange’ and Colombian peace.On the other hand the president of Colombia Alvaro Uribe, who is especially famous for his ‘inflexibility’ against Farc, has a list of ‘immovable facts’ including the no demilitarization of the two mentioned towns. What Uribe calls ‘the immovable’ became also immovable for Farc reducing the possibility of a negotiated peace as well as the ‘prisoner’s exchange’. This policy paper addresses only one question. Should Colombian government reconsider the demilitarization of Florida and Pradera to give the first step to the process of peace? In the first part the paper will give a historical background about the appearance of Farc. The second part will provide information about the process of peace under the government of President Pastrana, the third will describe the changes under the government of Uribe and will analyze the pros and the cons of having a demilitarize zone. At the end the policy recommendation is to maintain the immovable.
After the proclamation of independence of Colombia from Spain in 1810, many wars have been fought in the territory from basically two different groups looking forward to be in the power. For that reason Spain had the possibility to reconquer the territory which was finally able to get the total independence in 1824 (Castro G 1986), nevertheless things were not very different than after the first call for independence, as in many other Latin American countries, the differences within classes started from the early foundation of the nations and have extended until now.
In 1948 with the dead of the liberal leader (running for president) Jorge Eliecer Gaitan exploited in Colombia what was called ‘the violence period’ in which the only two ‘legal’ political parties ‘Conservatives and Liberals’ were fighting without rest for holding the power of the country and also to give and end to the incipient Communist party. While both of the parties were fighting for more land, more money and more power of decision, hundreds of rural poor found themselves in the middle of the battle that they were neither fighting nor wanted to join.
Sympathisers of both parties decided that many of the rural poor where either conservatives or liberals and as the regions were divided by for political believes, those that were thought to be sympathisers of the other political party were cruelly assassinated. In other words, farmers living in areas full of conservatives needed to either join the conservatism or at least to pretend to be part of it, otherwise they were accused of being ‘traitors’ and were executed (Barrios L 1984) During this period the rural area of Colombia lived the worse violence ever seen.
As a consequence of the continuous assassinations and the inability of the government to solve not only that problem but also the condition of misery and inequality in Colombia, a group of people decided to arm themselves with all the possible tools to show resistance to such an...