Modern Conflict in Somalia

Topics: Global Peace Index, Somalia, Failed state Pages: 4 (1494 words) Published: February 6, 2013
Modern Conflict (Somalia)
Recently, African Uinion and Somali troops had been preparing to move into Kismayo forcing al-Shabab rebels to withdraw from the port town - their last stronghold in Somalia. In the beginning of October, several explosions have rocked Somalia's southern port city of Kismayo as Kenyan and Somali troops took control of what has been the last bastion of the rebel group al-Shabab (BBC News). However, “Al-Shabab has had a long time to prepare for this, likely they have bombs and other devices throughout the city [...] the question is how long al-Shabab has the capacity to maintain it," reported Al Jazeera's Greste (Greste). The Great Collapse of the country began in 1991, when the country's opposition forces, supported by Libya and Ethiopia, made a revolution by overthrowing the pro-Communist orientation president Mohamed Siad Barre. There was not a common agreement on who should rule the country and the opposition was split and a civil war started. Since then, the country has had no longer the central government. Somalia has disintegrated into several semi-autonomous regions, and has become an ideal breeding ground full of corruption for terrorism to spread. One more sticking-point is Somali piracy on the Gulf of Aden. It stops all the routes for trade with Somalia. Unfortunately, there is no central government, so the pirates cannot be stopped from plundering the floating foreigners’ ships by any laws. The civil war has been lasting for decades and already one million inhabitants lost their lives and nearly a million people have left Somalia and are now living in refugee camps in Kenya, Yemen, Ethiopia, Uganda and Djibouti (Terleckas). Al-Shabaab is the most savage Somalia-based cell of the militant Islamist group formally recognized in 2012, whose leadership ultimately falls upon al-Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri and upon the politics inside Somalia (BBC News). Both sources BBC debate and Klare’s article, speak about the possible causes...
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