MODELS OF COMPARITIVE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATIONINTRODUCTION
Before going to the models, it is important to understand the different terminologies used in the subject:
An Approach is based primarily on one central concept. That is thought to be especially useful in studying basic features of public administration. Approaches are general in nature. 2. MODELS:
Models can be considered as a refined and more specific version of approaches. We can say that approaches are the factories of models. Within one approach, several models can be developed. Models are very specific towards a particular study. 3. THEORY:
Theory is a more sophisticated tool than models. But according to various scientists like Herbert Simmons, Allan Newell, Waldo and Nimrod; Model and theory are interchangeable in practice.
MODELS IN COMPARATIVE PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
Models in the public Administration were first introduced by Herbert Simmons. His work like; ADMINISTRATIVE BEHAVIOR, PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION, AND ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR are important contributions to the Public Administrations. He bounded Rational Model, explained a rational way for arriving at a decision. Decision makers are more contended with satisfying rather than optimizing model in decision making which is a major contribution to model building in Public Administration. There are seven models frequently used in studying comparative and development Administration. Out of these, Max Weber’s Bureaucratic model has the most popular use in comparative study of Bureaucracy. The other models by Dawn emphasis the importance of career interest. Riggs Charismatic Sala model is an intellectual creativity of model building. This is particularly with reference to the third world model. Similarly Dorsey’s Information Anarchy model, The development model and Mathur‘s Model do represent distinctly different but in the broad sense are intellectually compatible models which have proved to be useful in studying comparative public administration. Besides the above mentioned models, there are number of models in practice. There is a substantial degree of basic similarity and general approach of these numerous models. USES OF MODELS
Models are used in studying public administration due to the following reasons: 1. To study the social cultural political and economic factors that influence comparative studies. 2. By using the concepts of models we characterized public administration as a series of actions or behaviors that involved in meeting the changing environmental demands. 3. To conceptualize administrative activity in a systematic way with particular attention to the goal of political system. 4. To deal implicitly or explicitly for effective operation of administrative system. 5. These are presented in such a way as to employ their general relevance for the study of public administration. From the above characteristics, it is clear the use of models is to organize information and facts that constitute the entire study. Models are replacing our frame word of the study up to some extents models are universal framework of analysis of similar problems under study. Now let’s study, the different models:
1. Weber’s Bureaucratic model:
Max Weber’s model is the most popular model which suites for the ideal type of bureaucracy, capable of attaining the highest degree of efficiency and most rational form of administration his ideas are based on legal rational authorities because of its technical superiority over others. He had integrated bureaucracy into a larger scheme of the three ideal types of authority. It is legal in sense i.e. it is based on style of authority, which is legitimated through legal processes. It is rational in sense because it is controlled on the basis of knowledge. He was firmly committed to the parliamentary democracy and was a supporter of strong leadership. He expected the leaders...