Models of Curriculum Development

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2. The Taba Model
Hilda Taba’s model starts with the curriculum and the teacher’s outlook of what should be taught how, and then tests it on the students before declaring it effective. Therefore, she believed that teachers who teach or implement the curriculum should participate more than the authority in designing and developing curriculum. She used “grass root approach in her model. So she believed that the teachers should first create specific teaching- learning units, and a hospitable environment that lets everyone feels like a positive team member to render best approach to child’s education. Thus she advocated an inductive approach to curriculum development. I could find that Taba model is basic, yet inclusive. It offers five steps to developing curriculum as illustrated in figure number 2. Since she used an inductive method, her first step includes creating learning units for work to be studied. This is done in eight sub stages by diagnosing student’s needs in order to formulate the objectives. Then, select and organize the content, choosing proper learning experience to attain the objectives, determination of what to evaluate and checking for balance and sequence. Secondly, testing of experimental units are done in order to establish their authenticity and to set their demand for each grade level. This is followed by third stage where they revise and adapt units as necessary in meeting all students’ needs. In later stage, they develop a framework to test to ensure that all material is covered in a clear and complete manner. Finally, teachers put the unit of study into practice, while always creating new units to use in the class room.

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