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Modelling of distribution system power electronics devices with respect to their load flow and short circuit behaviour 04-072 pmo 25 may 2004

Phase to Phase BV Utrechtseweg 310 Postbus 100 6800 AC Arnhem T: 026 356 38 00 F: 026 356 36 36 www.phasetophase.nl

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04-072 pmo

© Copyright Phase to Phase BV, Arnhem, the Netherlands. All rights reserved.

The contents of this report may only be transmitted to third parties in its entirety. Application of the copyright notice and disclaimer is compulsory. Phase to Phase BV disclaims liability for any direct, indirect, consequential or incidental damages that may result from the use of the information or data, or from the inability to use the information or data.

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04-072 pmo

CONTENTS

1 1.1 1.2 1.3 2 2.1 2.2 2.2.1 2.2.2 3 3.1 3.1.1 3.1.2 3.1.3 3.2 3.2.1 3.2.2 3.2.3 3.2.4 3.3 3.4 3.4.1 3.4.2 3.5 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 5

Introduction ........................................................................................................................... 4 Problem definition ................................................................................................................. 4 Aim ......................................................................................................................................... 4 Method................................................................................................................................... 4 Load flow and short circuit calculations ................................................................................5 Load flows ([1], [2], [3]) ............................................................................................................5 Short circuit............................................................................................................................ 6 Short circuit calculations according to IEC-909 [4],[5] .........................................................7 Sequential fault analysis [4] ....................................................................................................7 Classification of distribution system power electronic devices............................................ 8 Flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS).......................................................................... 8 Series connected controllers ................................................................................................. 9 Shunt connected controllers ................................................................................................12 Combined shunt and series connected controllers............................................................. 15 Custom power devices [10]...................................................................................................16 D-STATCOM ......................................................................................................................... 17 Dynamic Voltage Restorer (DVR)......................................................................................... 17 Solid-State Transfer Switch (SSTS) ......................................................................................18 Solid-Sate Breaker (SSB) [11] ................................................................................................19 Energy storage systems ........................................................................................................19 Devices to control motors and generators ......................................................................... 20 Motor drives......................................................................................................................... 20 Wind turbines generators [17],[18],[36] ................................................................................ 26 Devices for HVDC [19] ..........................................................................................................27 Modeling...
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