Political Science 2:30-3:50
Model for Post Industrial Societies
When looking for the best model to manage postindustrial societies it is important to understand the models of the world and then conclude which one would work best. Postindustrial societies are the most developed countries with a higher GDP per person than the average in the world and higher quality of life. Most of these countries are democracies that believe in the government as an institution to protect rights of people and increase the population’s quality of life. The corporatist system, liberal state, presidential and parliamentary model, and military government are all forms of government that exist in our world today but we have to decide which will be the best choice for the post industrial societies.
The corporatist model has as their elite an informal legislative and judicial power. The power elite tends to know each other and decide political decisions very informally. Also in authoritarian states these political decisions are decided more informally and lead to a one party system where only one power has complete control. With the example of the Soviet Union as a one party system, this model has not been very successful.
There is also the different ways of the presidential or parliamentary models. In the presidential system the checks and balances system is inter institutional, it is based on consensus. In the Parliamentary system it is intra institutional and the cabinet has far more power than in the presidential system, parliament hires and elects the cabinet and the prime minister and people only vote for the legislature. The parliamentary system is based on majority rules, where as a president can get the majority vote and not be elected. The parliamentary system also is more able to tell who is accountable for certain decisions that the presidential system is. With these descriptions the parliamentary model seems more...