Mobile Phones

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Good morning to our beloved lecturer ‘ Miss Mazliyana Binti Ramli’ and fellow friends….first of all, we would like to thanks Miss Mazliyana Binti Ramli for giving us a chance to deliver our presentation today. Now, I would like to introduce you to my group members.. at my right are,…………………………………………and at my left are…………………………. Our presentation topic for today is about mobile phones.

As we all knows, mobile phones is a device that we can bring anywhere because it is a small gadgets. It has a lot of uses.

A mobile phone allows its user to make and receive telephone calls to and from the public telephone network which includes other mobiles and fixed line phones across the world. It does this by connecting to a cellular network owned by a mobile network operator. A key feature of the cellular network is that it enables seamless telephone calls even when the user is moving around wide areas via a process known as handoff or handover.

The first commercially automated cellular network (the 1G generation) was launched in Japan by NTT in 1979, initially in the metropolitan area of Tokyo. Within five years, the NTT network had been expanded to cover the whole population of Japan and became the first nation-wide 1G network. In 1981, this was followed by the simultaneous launch of the Nordic Mobile Telephone (NMT) system in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. NMT was the first mobile phone network featuring international roaming. The first 1G network launched in the USA was Chicago based Ameritech in 1983 using the Motorola DynaTACmobile phone. Several countries then followed in the early 1980s including the UK, Mexico and Canada. .

The first "modern" network technology on digital 2G (second generation) cellular technology was launched by Radiolinja (now part of Elisa Group) in 1991 in Finland on the GSM standard which also marked the introduction of competition in mobile telecoms when Radiolinja challenged incumbent Telecom Finland(now part of TeliaSonera)...
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