“Revisionism,” A policy first put forward in the 1890s by Edward Bernstein (1850-1932) advocating the introduction of socialism through evolution rather than revolution, in opposition to the orthodox view of Marxists. People who follow revisionism are often called revisionist and this is what Nikita Khrushchev was referred to as by communist such as Mao Zedong. After the death of Joseph Stalin, Khrushchev took power of the Soviet Union to change the whole economic plan of Russia from the Marxist-Leninism principles to Capitalist principles. Mao and the Stalin supporters of the Communist Party of China did not support the changes that were made in because it could affect the movement in the communist direction that Mao was headed in with the country and could possibly do two things: let the capitalist gain power of the country and deflect the ideal of international Marxism. This is where revisionism came in to affect what Mao had planned for china. Mao’s belief that China was the center of the world revolution comprised of his ideological disagreement with the soviets and constituted an essential underpinning of his efforts to win the support of other communist parties. The Sino-Soviet split created an “anti-revisionist” movement, which makes me believe that the Cultural Revolution was partially a struggle between Mao’s vision of socialist China and Revisionism because Mao took his international fear of capitalism and brought it towards the his own country and created a need to oust revisionist from their society. The rise to power of revisionism means the rise to power of the bourgeoisie. – Mao Tse Tung.[ii] Revisionism is only the partial struggle because China also had other interior issues like having enemies between social classes, and political beefs that were also factors in the struggle of the Cultural Revolution.
The Cultural Revolution from 1966 to 1976 also known as Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution was a social movement. A period where Mao...
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