Mitosis and Protein Synthesis

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The cell is absolutely a very sophisticated part of an organism. One instance that exemplifies this argument is that cells can produce protein. It isn‘t as simple as just making protein, and it involves decoding and transcribing DNA codes. Another illustration of this statement is that cells have the rare ability to duplicate themselves. Many types of cells, including human cells, use a process called mitosis, to generate clones. In this abridging essay, I will condense the complicated data we learned about these specific subjects. The first topic I will discuss is the replication procedure called mitosis.

Mitosis is a cell division method that requires a certain sequence to be completed successfully. In mitosis, two new cells are created which have the same numbers and kinds of chromosomes as the original , or parent cell. The first step is called interphase. Interphase is the time period when the cell prepares for cell division, which means the cell makes copies of the chromosomes, and acquire nutrients. This is also considered the time when a cell carries out typical cell functions, such as protein synthesis and growth. The step subsequent to interphase is called prophase. In prophase, the chromotids(pairs of chromosomes) are fully viewable if observed through a microscope. The nucleus and nuclear membrane begin disintegrating and disappearing, while the centrioles shift to opposite sides of the cell. After prophase, the cell begins to divide.

The steps following prophase are when the cell initiates the duplication process. Metaphase is the phase directly after prophase, in which the chromotids line up at the center of the cell and attach to the spindle fibers. After this step, anaphase commences. The anaphase is when the chromosomes separate from each other because of the spindle fibers pulling back. Consequently, telophase starts. Telophase is the final step in mitosis, in which a new nucleus is formed and the cytoplasm starts separating. At the end...
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