“The extent to which tectonic processes represent hazards depends on when and where they are experienced. Discuss”
Throughout this essay I will be discussing my view on the extent to which I think tectonic processes represent hazards depending on when and where they are experienced. My view is that the hazards caused by tectonic processes such as volcanoes and earthquakes are very much likely to have a bigger impact socially, environmentally and economically depending on where they had occurred and when. In the next few paragraphs I will discuss how the factor ‘WHEN’ tectonic processes occur represents hazards. Firstly, the time of day will have a big impact on the hazard. If the hazard occurs during the morning or afternoon rush hour, then there will be more impacts socially than if the hazard was to occur in the evening. For example, the Haiti earthquake in 2010 struck at lunchtime, which meant the city Port-au-Prince was packed with people eating in restaurants, eating outside, in homes. Because of this many people died due to buildings collapsing which increased the impact of the hazard.
Secondly, the type of season the tectonic process occurred in will have a huge impact on the effects of the hazard. In the summer, far more people are likely to be outside than inside and abroad in a hot country than a cold one. This means that if a tectonic process like an earthquake struck, the coasts would bring the tide in and many tourists and travellers that were on the beach could be injured. If the season is in the winter, and a tectonic process struck, the impacts would be huge. This is because the high levels of rain and colder temperatures make it harder for short term responses (such as aid, food and water) to be delivered to those who need it, which can be the difference between life and death. Thirdly, the position of the government at the time in which a tectonic process occurs can impact the hazard effects. For example, depending on whether the...
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