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Health and safety

CYP 3.4 Support children and young people’s health and safety -------------------------------------------------
Unit purpose and aim
This unit aims to provide the knowledge, understanding and skills required to support children and young people’s health and safety. It requires a demonstration of competence in recognising hazards and undertaking risk assessments in the work setting.

Write answers to the questions below

1.1 Describe the factors to take into account when planning healthy and safe indoor and outdoor environments and services.

There are many factors with regards to health and safety that need to be taken into consideration when planning activities. It is important to always make sure that the environment that the activity is going to be carried out is free from hazards that could affect the health and safety of the children, staff, volunteers or visitors. There is a duty of care to provide a safe and secure learning environment for all children and young people ensuring that their needs and comforts are met, regardless of age and ability. When planning activities for indoor learning there should be enough room for children to move freely around the learning environment and they should be able to access resources safely without risk to themselves or others. There should always be sufficient light to enable the children to work in comfort, consideration does need to be given to the length of time overhead lights are used as they can be harsh and cause discomfort after prolonged periods. Blinds need to be in situ at all windows so that sunlight can be restricted and rooms kept cool. Some children and young people find loud noises unsettling, especially those with autism, so a quiet calm class environment is crucial to ensure their comfort. It is obviously not practical to have a silent classroom but by having class rules the children understand the need to be calm and to communicate at an acceptable level and not shouting all the time. There are specific risks that will effect certain individuals at any one time that will have to be taken into consideration such as a child, young person or adult with a sensory impairment when planning activities to guarantee their safety for example those with a visual impairment would need clear access to tables and work spaces so extra care would be needed to ensure that there were no obstacles that could cause a risk.

1.2 Explain how health and safety is monitored and maintained and how people in the work setting are made aware of risks and hazards and encouraged to work safely.
Health and safety is monitored and maintained in a verity of ways within the setting, there is a Healthy and Safety policy, which is shared with all staff, outlining the main areas. Staff training is kept up to date. Risk assessments are carried out regularly including a daily check of the environment which is being used, a full risk assessment of tools, equipment and the environment is carried out termly. The setting manager is responsible for health and safety and any risks identified should be directed to her, she will then decide the best process to rectify them. Regular staff meetings are held where any issues can be raised and a member of staff is present at Hall meetings where any issues covered by the owners of the hall can be addressed. Children, parents staff and visitors are made aware of any issues concerning health and safety to help minimise any risks and to ensure children are able to thrive in a healthy environment.

Under the Health and safety at work act 1974 all employees have a responsibility for the health and safety of everyone else. There is a poster displayed in the setting outlining responsibilities. There is a health and safety policy in place which is available to staff and parents which outlines the main objectives, these objectives are implemented into the everyday running of the setting – all staff are aware of health...
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