DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES
OBAFEMI AWOLOWO UNIVERSITY, ILE-IFE
PERSONALITY AND STUDY HABITS
PROF. O. S. ELEGBELEYE
ADEBAJO OYINLOLA C. PSY/2010/003
IJITONA OPEYEMI V. CHE/2007/060
KODAOLU JUBRIL CHE/2009/052
"Personality" is defined as a dynamic and organized set of characteristics possessed by a person who uniquely influences his or her cognitions, emotions, motivations, and behaviors in various situations. The word "personality" originates from the Latin persona, which means mask. In the theatre of the ancient Latin-speaking world, the mask was not used as a plot device to disguise the identity of a character, but instead was a convention employed to represent or typify that character. Personality refers to individual differences in characteristic patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving. The study of personality focuses on two broad areas: One is understanding individual differences in particular personality characteristics, such as sociability or irritability. The other is understanding how the various parts of a person come together as a whole. Personality is also the particular combination of emotional, attitudinal, and behavioural response patterns of an individual. Different personality theorists present their own definitions of the word based on their theoretical positions. Psychologists such as Freud, and Erickson have attempted to come up with personality theories. Personality can be determined through a variety of tests. This may be done through the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-2), Rorschach Inkblot test, or the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) The most popular technique is the self-report - a series of answers to a questionnaire that asks people to indicate the extent to which sets of statements or adjectives accurately describe their own behaviour or mental state. The study of personality started with Hippocrates' four humours and gave rise to four temperaments. The explanation was further refined by his successor Galen during the second century CE. The Four Humours theory held that a person's personality was based on the balance of bodily humours; yellow bile, black bile, phlegm and blood. Choleric people were characterized as having an excess of yellow bile, making them irascible. High levels of black bile was indicative of melancholy and pessimism. Phlegmatic people were thought to have an excess of phlegm, leading to their sluggish, calm temperament. Finally, people thought to have high levels of blood were said to be sanguine and were characterized by their cheerful, passionate dispositions.
HABIT is something that is done on a scheduled, regular and planned basis that is not relegated to a seccond place or optional place in one's life. It is simply done . . . no reservations, no excuses, no exceptions. To study is to buy out the time and dedicate self to the application and the task of study which is to become engrossed in a process of learning, practice, enlightenment - education of one's self. Therefore, study habits can be derived from the above as buying out a dedicated scheduled and un-interrupted time to apply one's self to the task of learning. Without it, one does not grow and becomes self-limiting in life. You only go as far in life as your study habits (learning/education) will take you. The PQRST Method
* Preview: Look at the topic you have to learn glancing over the major headings or the points in the syllabus. * Question: Formulate questions that you would like to be able to answer once you have finished the topic. It is important that you match as much as possible what you would like to know to your syllabus or course direction. This allows a certain flexibility to take in other topics that may aid your learning of the main point...