Topics: Cold War, Soviet Union, World War II Pages: 5 (2161 words) Published: April 12, 2013
Did the Same Factors that Led to the Cold War Also Contribute Towards its Longevity? The cold war was coined by water-Lippmann in 1944 in a state of protracted and extreme tension between countries (Heywood, 2007 page 133). It is called the cold war because there was no violence. The cold war was a non-military conflict between the group of nations led by the USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) and the United States super-powers. In most cases, it is related with a time of economic, cultural, political and military rivalry between the capitalist which is the west bloc and the communist the eastern bloc (Heywood, 2007 page 133). Communists believe that industry should be state-owned while the capitalist believe that property and industry should be privately owned. The cold war grew as result of: a. Failure to adhere to the principles agreed on during the Yalta and Potsdam conference b. The out breakdown from the western soviet coalition against Hitler's Germany and the countries allies during World War II. The 'Cold War' was a mixture of religious crusade in favour of one ideology or the other, and of the most ruthless power politics, striking out for advantage or expansion not only in Europe but all over the world. Some revisionist believes that the first shot of the cold war was when the Americans dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. It was said that the Americans used this as an opportunity to get the Japanese to surrender and also a way of intimidating the Soviet Union to show their strength. The war profoundly affected the map of Europe and also radically reshaped Europe in the world which contributed to the longevity of the cold war. In this essay, key facts of some of the events that contributed to the longevity of the cold war are detailed below: There are ten (10) events that led to the cold war, without these events the cold war as suggest could not have lasted for so long. These ten events are; Yalta Conference (Feb 1945), Potsdam Conference (Jul 1945), Hiroshima (Aug 1945), Salami tactics (1945–48), Fulton Speech (Mar 1946), Greece (Feb 1947), Truman Doctrine (Mar 1947), Marshall Plan (Jun 1947), Cominform (Oct 1947), Czechoslovakia (Feb 1948) Some factors led to the prolongation of the cold war and it is important to highlight some of the various examples. The Truman doctrine was first established in 1947; Truman is the president of the United States, his doctrine brought about the Marshall plan for European economic recovery. His plan came up almost after the Yalta and Potsdam conference when the former president Roosevelt had died. Truman was a different president compare to the former one because he wanted to find out from Stalin during the second conference in Potsdam the date when the Russians intended to enter the war in the Pacific and this was something unlike Roosevelt he did NOT want. The CIA was formed by Truman and he told the Russian ambassador he was not welcome in Washington, and said that America was prepared to fight for peace. Truman said, on 15 May 1947 that: ‘We hope that in years ahead more and more nations will come to know the advantages of freedom and liberty’ (http://www.johndclare.net/cold_war8.htm#TrumanDoctrine Assessed on 16/12/12). The Truman Doctrine was not just a policy of ‘containment’ but, as suggested by a modern American University: ‘an American challenge to Soviet ambitions throughout the world’ (http://www.johndclare.net/cold_war8.htm#TrumanDoctrine Assessed on 16/12/12). This doctrine from the onset was not accepted by Stalin and so he formed Cominform where every Communist party in Europe joined and that gave him control of the Communists in Europe. In berlin was where the first major confrontation of the cold war took place (1948). The Berlin war also did not ease the tension that started the cold war but rather helped to extend it because Stalin wanted to destroy Germany while Britain and the USA wanted to rebuild Germany. The machinery of...
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