Advise TLC Ltd. as to any possible action they may have for misrepresentation against answer Ltd.
Treitel in The Law of Contract (2003) defines a contract as:
“An agreement giving rise to obligations which are enforced or recognised by law. The factor which distinguishes contractual from other legal obligations is that they are based on the agreement of the contracting parties.”
This quote illustrates the basic criteria for a contract. A contract is a legally binding agreement between two or more parties, it can be written or oral. There is no mention of a written contract between TLC and Answer, therefore we must assume there is an oral contract. The classical approach to determining whether a contact has been created involves agreement, consideration and intention.
In order for an agreement to exist between parties there must be an offer that contains the terms of the contract. If the offeree accepts, they accept these terms. In this case, Answer offers the supply and installation of a new computer system and TLC accept this offer and have the system installed for the sum of £100,000.
Consideration is the price for which a promise is brought. It’s the giving of consideration for a promise that makes breaking the promise unjust. Defined in
Currie v Misa (1875) as- “Some right, interest, profit or benefit accruing to one party, or some forbearance, detriment, loss or responsibility given, suffered or undertaken by another”.
There must also be intension to create a contract. In commercial situations such as this the intent to create a contract is presumed. In Edwards v Skyways Ltd (1964)- the defendant was promised on being made redundant, and withdrawing his pension contributions, the company would give him an ex gratia (given out of grace- accepting no liability) payment of the same again. He... [continues]
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