Misogyny of Richard III

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Omens were signs of coming events, often regarded as a threat or warning. Duchess of York: Thou cam’st on earth to make the earth my hell’ act 4 scene 4. For all its preoccupation with religionm dreams and the workings of fate, the play is a study in the harsh realities f power politics: what individual and social life is like under a despotic and brutal king ruling a deeply corrupt state. Exploiting the divisions cause by feuding political factions, and manipulating individuals and the system the cakculating Richard seizes the opportunity to make himself king. He is a Machiavellian figure who will stop at nothing to gain and maintain power. Richard’s extraordinary facility with words enable him to manipulate, confuse,control and corrupt those around him → Woows lady anne, have Clarence thrown in prison, keep woodvills of his tracks, blame the king for clarences death… Shakespear includes in the novel a great number of supernatural elements : margarets witchcraft, Clarence and Stanley prophetic dreams, the visit of the ghosts. These supernatural elements create and atmosphere of dread and heighten the sens that richard’s evil reign transforms England into a Gothic netherworld. Richard deals extentively with the theme of political corruption

While the characters may have simply assumed that a deformity was a hateful act of God, the slightly more modern audiences of the play’s first performances may have regarded Richard’s III disability as either a demonological portrayal of corruption, or as part of the natural order of variation in the world. for Shakespeare, Richard's deformity stood for more than a warning of the evil deeds he would later commit; rather, it served as a symbol of Richard's innate “unnaturalness,” an outward sign of his inner corruption
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