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The Impact of Miscarriage

Amy Hamilton


Human Growth and Development

November 10, 2010

Annotated Bibliography

Callander, G., Brown, G., Tata, P. & Regan, L. (2007). Counterfactual thinking and psychological distress following recurrent miscarriage. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 25(1), 51-65.

This study’s aim is to explore the post trauma feelings such as counterfactual thinking, distress, plans, and search for meaning after the traumatic experience of a miscarriage. After further investigations, the study found that there was a better outcome when upwards counterfactual thinking and anxiety were connected and that future planning had no connection to lower distress. The study involved 62 women who had previously experienced recurrent miscarriages and were attending the Recurrent Miscarriage Clinic. These women ranged from having 2 to 18 miscarriages throughout their lives and who had had their last one within 1 to 36 months prior to the study.

Morrissey, M. V. (2007). Our first child was incompatible with life: Understanding miscarriage as a lived experience. The International Journal of Psychiatric Nursing Research, 12(2), 1415-1428

In this article, it explained how the miscarriage would affect the women throughout her life with feelings of loss. The article stated that the feeling of loss is not only of a child but also of hopes and dreams. The article mentions that some couples have trouble grieving and as a result do not receive support very well and this may have the conclusion of more pain. This descriptive article summarizes the research of other articles and connects a poem and a part of a song to the grieving process for the women and men.

Magee, P. L., MacLeod, A. K., Tata, P. & Regan, L. (2003). Psychological distress in recurrent miscarriage: the role of prospective thinking and role of goal investment. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 21(1), 35-45

This study’s focus was on the factors that increase the psychological distress of the women. The two main factors were women who were already playing the parenting role over other life roles, and women who had mostly thoughts of the child in the future over other life thoughts. This study also explored the subject of different distress levels in women. It found that some women were able to find positive meaning in the event. They also proved that women in serious relationships and who were content with their lives coped better than other women did. This information was found by interviewing women from the Recurrent Miscarriage Clinic in London. All of these women were not pregnant at the time and did not have any children.

Maker, C. & Ogden, J. (2003). The miscarriage experience: more than just a trigger to psychological morbidity? Psychology and Health, 18(3), 403- 415

This qualitative study discusses the effects and stages a miscarriage has on women. It suggests that women go through three stages after the miscarriage; turmoil, adjustment, resolution. The study interviews 13 different women who describe their post miscarriage feelings ranged from relief to negative emotions. All 13 of these women attended the Early Pregnancy Unit at a London Hospital. The majority of these women had never had a miscarriage before and most had wanted the child. In conclusion, this study had gained insight on all of the woman’s feelings including grief as well as, relief and active coping.

Swanson, K. M., Connor, S., Jolley, S. N., Pettinato, M. & Wang, T. (2007). Contexts and evolution of women’s responses to miscarriage during the first year after loss. Research in Nursing and Health, 30, 2-16

This article explores women’s responses to miscarriage at various time intervals after the spontaneous abortion. The purpose of this descriptive study was to explore how women’s feelings are different based on their life situation. The study used mixed methods and is based on a secondary analysis...
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