Management Information System2
MIS and the Manufacturing Sector2
CIM - computer integrated manufacturing3
Converging Approaches of CIM6
Differences in Technology between MIS and Manufacturing7
Table I. Comparison of MIS and Manufactacturing Corporate Culture9 Organizational Differences between MIS and Manufacturing9
MIS Implementation in Manufacturing Sector10
Material Requirements Planning10
The scope of MRP in manufacturing10
Problems with MRP systems12
Key functions and Features14
Business models following similar approach20
Vendor Managed Inventory20
Customer Managed Inventory21
Escorts ltd-a case study21
IT Infrastructure at escorts22
Material requirement planning22
Management Information System
Management Information System (MIS) is a subset of the overall internal controls of a business covering the application of people, documents, technologies, and procedures by management accountants to solving business problems such as costing a product, service or a business-wide strategy. Management Information Systems are distinct from regular information systems in that they are used to analyze other information systems applied in operational activities in the organization. Academically, the term is commonly used to refer to the group of information management methods tied to the automation or support of human decision making, e.g. Decision Support Systems, Expert systems, and Executive information systems.
MIS is a planned system of the collecting, processing, storing and disseminating data in the form of information needed to carry out the functions of management. According to Phillip Kotler "A marketing information system consists of people equipment, and procedures to gather, sort, analyse, evaluate, and distribute needed, timely, and accurate information to marketing decision makers." (Kotler, Phillip and Keller, Kevin Lane; Marketing Management, Pearson Education, 12 Ed, 2006)
The terms MIS and information system are often confused. Information systems include systems that are not intended for decision making. MIS is sometimes referred to, in a restrictive sense, as information technology management. That area of study should not be confused with computer science. IT service management is a practitioner-focused discipline. MIS has also some differences with Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) as ERP incorporates elements that are not necessarily focused on decision support.
MIS and the Manufacturing Sector
An organisation succeeds by bringing together and managing certain resources in a productive way. The traditional list of resources comprises labour (manpower), money, material, managers, machines and facilities. Only over the past two decades has information come to be recognised as another resource, one that is crucial to the management of others and one, which under certain circumstances, may be substituted for them cost-effectively. Information shares many properties with other resources: it has value and lends itself to the process of management. Information is a valuable resource and hence must be managed in a well-designed system so that managers are able to obtain relevant information timeously for their decision-making processes. One of the major problems of organisations that make them fail may be insufficient utilisation of the major resource of the organisation, viz. information. Managers have to be aware of utilising management information systems effectively to be competitive in the business world. Most manufacturing industries are already using products of Information Technology. To be effective in today’s dynamic and competitive business environment, a manager, and an organisation, must think in the system mode. Technological innovation has simplified the collection of data into sophisticated information...