Information Systems in Business
1. Information systems and technologies are a vital component of successful businesses and organizations.
2. it is just as important to have a basic understanding of information systems as it is to understand any other functional area in business.
3. Information technologies, including Internet-based information systems, are playing a vital and expanding role in business. Information technology can help all kinds of businesses improve the efficiency and effectiveness of their business processes, managerial decision making, and workgroup collaboration, thus strengthening their competitive positions in a rapidly changing marketplace. This is true whether information technology is used to support product development teams, customer support processes, electronic commerce transactions, or any other business activity. Internet-based information technologies and systems have become a necessary ingredient for business success in today’s dynamic global environment.
The Real World of Information Systems
4. importance of information systems (IS) and information technology (IT). Virtually no business or organization, large or small, can compete without information systems and information technology
5. In its simplest form, a system is a set of interrelated components, with a clearly defined boundary, working together to achieve a common set of objectives.
What Is an Information System?
6. An information system (IS) can be any organized combination of people, hardware, software, communications networks, and data resources that stores and retrieves, transforms, and disseminates information in an organization. People have relied on information systems to communicate with each other using a variety of physical devices (hardware), information processing instructions and procedures (software), communications channels (networks), and stored data (data resources) since the dawn of civilization.
7. While the terms information system and information technology are sometimes used interchangeably, they are two distinct concepts. As defined above, the term information system describes all of the components and resources necessary to deliver its information and functions to the organization. In contrast, the term information technology refers to the various hardware components necessary for the system to operate
computer-bases information systems and their use of the following
a. information technologies
b. Computer hardware technologies
c. Computer software technologies
d. Telecommunications network technologies
e. Data resource management technologies
An IS Framework For Business Professionals
8. Foundation Concepts. Fundamental behavioral, technical, business, and managerial concepts about the components and roles of information systems.
a. This framework outlines the major areas of information systems knowledge needed By business professionals.
b. Information Technologies. Major concepts, developments, and management issues in information technology—that is, hardware, software, networks, data management, and many Internet-based technologies.
c. Business Applications. The major uses of information systems for the operations, management, and competitive advantage of a business.
d. Development Process. How business professionals and information specialists plan, develop, and implement information systems to meet business opportunities.
e. Management Challenges. The challenges of effectively and ethically managing information technology at the end user, enterprise, and global levels of a business.
The Fundamental Roles of IS in Business
9. three vital roles that information systems can perform for a business enterprise. • Support of its business processes and operations.