Notes on Ethics Theories
Deontological Ethics: based on the INTENT of an action
Teleological Ethics: based on the consequences of an action
1. Who was the developer of the idea of Ethical Formalism? What are the four Main Tenets of “Ethical Formalism”? - Immanuel Kant
Act only on that maxim through which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law 2. Act in such a way that you always treat humanity, whether in your own person or that of any other, never simply as a means but always at the same time as an end. 3. Act as if you were, through your maxims, a lawmaking member of a kingdom of ends 4. If something is wrong, it is wrong all the time; an absolutist system
5. What are the four Basic Tenets of “Utilitarianism”? The Act? The Rule? 1. what is good is determined by the consequences of the action. 2. morality of an action should be determined by how much it contributes to the good of the majority 3. human nature seeks to maximize pleasure and avoid pain, and a moral system must be consistent with this natural fact 4. we should always act so as to produce the greatest possible ratio of good to evil for everyone concerned - Act - determines the goodness of a particular act by measuring the utility (good) for all, but only for that specific act and without regard for future actions. - Rule - that determines the goodness of an action by measuring the utility of that action when it is made into a rule for behavior. -
6. What are the two Main Tenets of “Religious Ethics”? How do we know God’s Will? 1. Believe in God wills
2. What is good is determine by God’s will
i. Individual conscience.
7. What are the three Main Tenets of “Natural Law”?
8. What are the three Basic Tenets of “Ethics of Virtue”? What is the Principle of the Golden Mean?...
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