Minorities and Wwii

Topics: United States, Racial segregation, Plessy v. Ferguson Pages: 3 (1143 words) Published: April 23, 2013
In 1941, the United States came out of a terrible economic crisis known as the Great Depression. This depression ended when the country entered WWII in Europe, creating many job opportunities for people of all genders and races to advance the technology of the world. Although the war created a multitude of jobs for all people, many people were killed during the war. While the country was already in distraught, post WWII led to African Americans being discriminated in the South, women staying home to cook and clean, and Native Americans were migrating towards reservations.

The rise of the civil rights movement occurred after WWII when African Americans were harshly discriminated particularly in the South of the country. During the civil rights movement many court cases occurred dealing with discrimination. In the Brown Decision, it reversed the decision in the Plessy vs. Ferguson stating that segregation of the races in public institutions and accommodations was constitutional as long as facilities were “separate but equal”. In 1951, Oliver Brown sued the Board of Education of Topeka to allow his daughter to attend a school which only allowed white people. Thurgood Marshall was a lawyer with the NAACP and argued the case which then reversed the Plessy vs. Ferguson case. African Americans were less respected and were said to have fewer rights than whites. In 1955 Rosa Parks took a seat on a bus in the middle where both blacks and whites could sit. When a white man arrived on the bus and didn’t have anywhere to sit, Rosa Parks was ordered by the driver to give up her seat. When she refused, she was arrested at the next stop, fined and ordered a stand trial for violating the segregation law. However, during the Gayle vs. Browder case the Supreme Court ruled that bus segregation like school segregation was unconstitutional. After the bus boycott, nonviolent protest was introduced to achieve equality of all minority groups in the United States. Martin Luther King...
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