Australian mining industry has a long history. It was primarily believed that the arrival of Aborigines originated Australian mining for 40,000 years ago when suitable stones were dug for making tools, weapons and decorations. In 1788, modern mining was initiated due to the arrival of the European. Almost 200,000 criminals, who were the first group of immigrants, were shipped from England to Australia which was one of the colonies in that period (Department of Immigration and Multicultural and Indigenous Affairs 2005). The European quarried and shaped Hawkesbury sandstone for early buildings at Sydney Cove. This incident led Australia into modern mining. In the early Australian mining industry commenced with the coal mining in Newcastle gathering surface coal for sales in 1798 and starting an international trade in mineral commodities when coal was exported to India in 1799. After that the discoveries of major minerals followed by lead in Glen Osmond Hills in 1841, copper in Kapunda in 1842 and gold in Burra Burra in 1845. However, the mineral sources have constantly been found all over the continent.
Mining Industry... [continues]
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