Mining in the Philippines

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Mining in the Philippines Concerns and conflicts

Report of a Fact-Finding Trip to the Philippines
July-August 2006

Acknowledgments The Fact Finding Mission wishes to thank all those who took time to meet with us. The right to enjoy human rights and development is universal. We wish to encourage any and all communities and local authorities adversely affected by mining impacts to continue to explore and pursue all avenues available within the law at local, national and international levels to register their concerns and aspirations and seek redress for wrongs. We offer our continued support to all parties in future efforts to realize a national path to sustainable development based on justice. Disclaimer The views expressed in this report are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the participating or supporting organizations. The authors have however done their best to reflect the views, of the many people they met in the Philippines and the views of the people and organizations who have commented on the report.

Copyright Columban Fathers 2007

First Published 2007 by Society of St. Columban, Widney Manor Rd., Knowle, Solihull B93 9AB, West Midlands, UK

ISBN number 1-902648-92-7

978-1-902648-92-7

Report written by Cathal Doyle, Clive Wicks and Frank Nally

Edited by Mara Stankovitch, Geoff Nettleton and Andrew Whitmore

Table of Contents Foreword................................................................................................................................................................ i Acronyms and Abbreviations............................................................................................................................ ii Executive Summary ........................................................................................................................................... iii 1. 2. 3. Introduction...................................................................................................................................................1 Trip Overview ...............................................................................................................................................3 Areas of Concern ..........................................................................................................................................8 3.1. Human Rights......................................................................................................................................8 3.1.1. Security firms and militarization..................................................................................................8 3.2. Corruption............................................................................................................................................9 3.3. Pressure on the judiciary..................................................................................................................10 3.4. Environmental concerns...................................................................................................................10 3.4.1. Legislation......................................................................................................................................12 3.4.2. Environmental Social Impact Assessments & Strategic Environmental Assessments .......12 3.5. Indigenous peoples and Free, Prior, Informed, Consent.............................................................12 3.5.1. Lack of independent monitoring & expertise provision & the NCIP....................................14 3.5.2. Weaknesses in the Law ................................................................................................................14 3.6. The Philippines Local Government Code......................................................................................15 3.7. Health...
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