Minimising Risks of Harm to Children’s Welfare

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Safeguarding in schools is very important when working with children, young people and their families. They need to take all reasonable measures to ensure that the risks of harm to children’s welfare are minimised. Where there are concerns about children and young people’s welfare, all schools or agencies working with children take appropriate actions to address those concerns, working to agreed local policies and procedures. Children act 2004 provides the legal framework for Every Child Matters. It includes the requirement for services to work more closely, forming an integrated service, a common assessment framework to help the early identification of need, a shared database of information which is relevant to the safety and welfare of children and earlier support for parents who are experiencing problems. The Date Protection Act 1998 will also be an important legislation as any information concerning children’s and young people’s welfare is highly confidential. Schools will need to keep and use information only for the purpose for which it intended. Education Act 2002 sets out the responsibilities of local education authorities governing bodies, head teachers and all those working in schools to ensure that children and safe and free from harm. Policies with safeguard

Schools must develop a range of polices which ensure the safety, security and well-being of their pupils. Policies may be separate or incorporate into one health and safety policy, but they must include sections which cover the following issues of safeguarding and protecting, and procedures for reporting, e-safety and bullying, including cyber-bullying. Example of polices

* A key member of staff being the ‘named person’ as the main contact for all safeguarding issues * Procedures for managing personal care (helping them with toileting) * Clear procedures about physical contact or restraining young people * Taking pictures or filming children in school

E-safety is a UK council for child internet safety which was launched in 2008 in response to concerns about internet safety. Its role is to safeguard children in relation to this issue. The council has produced a strategy to increase awareness of internet safety, set out measures to protect children from unsuitable sites and establish code of practice. Working together to safeguard children 2010 is a guidance which sets out the duties or organisations and how they must work together to safeguard children and young people. What to do if you’re worried a child is being abused 2006 is a guidance to help those working with children to safeguard and promote their welfare. It also looks at the actions which all adults working children should take if they are concerned. 1. Be healthy

2. Stay safe
3. Enjoy and achieve
4. Make a positive contribution
5. Achieve economic wellbeing
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Children’s social care has a key role to safeguard and promote the welfare of children who are in need. There are responsible to decide on the course of action to take. If the child is at risk of harm or abuse social workers will carry out an initial assessment of children who are thought to be at risk to find out about the child’s needs, ability of parents to meet the child’s needs and family and environmental factors. Social working will meet and conduct interviews with the child and family members and take lead during the child protection conference then take action when a child is thought to be in immediate danger. Police will work closely with children’s social care to protect children from any harm. There have particular role to play. All forces have a Child Abuse Investigation Unit. Their role and responsibilities include making a decision on whether a crime has been committed and if so, to begin a criminal investigation. The police will gather evidence from children’s social care and other agencies involved and take emergency action if children are in danger. Their role is also to attend...
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