Commercial cities that served as meeting points between distant cultures are called: a.
Cairo and Alexandria in Egypt:
did not need to provide protection for merchants as most trade came by land rather than by sea. b.
established a commercial law apart from religion so that all people could participate in trade. c.
had Muslim and Jewish trading firms that worked as close partners in trade. d.
established a state bank so that the royal family could earn a share of trading profits by lending out money. e.
became successful by specializing only in the trade of silks.
In the Chinese city of Quanzhou:
state officials registered, examined, and taxed cargo on ships. b.
no foreigners were allowed, and all trade had to be conducted on Chinese ships with Chinese crews. c.
the governor was occupied with matters related to maintaining the city walls and left control of the ports to merchants. d.
the Chinese ships were called dhows.
Buddhist monasteries took control of trading to ensure fair practices.
In the tropical rain forest of western and central Africa, the predominant form of social organization was: a.
urban communities linked together through long-distance trade. b.
small-scale societies led by local councils.
seminomadic hunting and gathering communities.
caravan cities temporarily established for the purpose of trade.
What idea did the Mande people develop that marked the centralized polities of West Africa? a.
In Islamic slavery between 1000 and 1300 CE:
slaves served as sailors and dockworkers and could obtain positions of high authority in the military. b.
the work required of slaves was so physically demanding that only male slaves were brought to the Arabian Peninsula. c.
the widespread use of slaves created a society whose economic foundations rested upon mass slavery. d.
most slaves came from China and Southeast Asia.
slavery was eventually banned after Islamic scholars amended sharia law.
All of the following characterize the Muslim thinker Ibn Rushd except: a.
he believed faith and reason were not compatible.
he was known as Averroës in the Western world.
he had a profound knowledge of Aristotle.
he believed that the proper forms of reasoning had to be entrusted to the educated classes. e.
his thinking heavily influenced even Christian thinkers, like Thomas Aquinas.
were profound interpreters of legal and philosophical texts. b.
placed the sharia at the core of its message of Islam.
spoke to the religious beliefs and experiences of ordinary men and women. d.
adopted the ideas of Ibn Rushd.
soon became the officially sanctioned form of Islam because they gained the support of Muslim clerics.
The Islamic state founded by Turkish warriors in northern India during the thirteenth century was: a.
the Delhi sultanate.
the Song dynasty.
the Mughal dynasty.
the Chola kingdom.
the Ghazna kingdom.
Manufacturing in Song China is characterized by all of the following except: a.
the first production of gunpowder.
the improvement of porcelain production.
substantial iron production.
the invention of lacquerware.
the production of vast amounts of clothing made from a variety of fibers.
During the Heian period, Japan:
enjoyed a period of stable, centralized political rule.
had an alliance of local potentates and military commanders that overthrew the Heian aristocrats. c.
had a peasant revolution led by Lady Murasaki Shikibu demanding land reform. d.
had to seek alternative food sources due to the collapse of rice production. e....
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