Mineral and Water Function Essay

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Week 6: Mineral and Water Function Essay


The body requires many minerals known as essential minerals. These minerals are sometimes divided into two major groups knows as macrominerals and microminerals. Both of these groups are important. There is another group of minerals known as trace minerals. They are needed in small amounts. A balanced diet usually provides all of the essential minerals the body requires. The major minerals are sodium, chloride, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, and sulfur. Sodium is needed for proper fluid balance, nerve transmissions and muscle contraction. Sodium is found in soy sauce, table salt, large amounts of processed foods, milk, breads, vegetables, and unprocessed meats. Chloride is needed for proper fluid balance and stomach acid. It can be found in the same places as sodium. Potassium is needed for proper fluid balance, nerve transmission and muscle contractions. It can be found it meats, milk, fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains and legumes. Calcium is important for healthy bones, teeth, helps muscles to relax and contract. It is important is the nerve functioning; blood clotting, blood pressure regulation and immune system health. Calcium can be found in milk, milk products, and canned fish with bones, fortified tofu, fortified soy milk, greens and legumes. Phosphorus is important for healthy bones, teeth, part of the system that maintains acid base balance and found in every cell. It comes from meat, fish, poultry, eggs, milk, and processed foods. Magnesium is good for bones, needed to make protein, muscle contractions, nerve transmission, and immune system health. Magnesium comes from nuts, seeds, legumes, leafy green vegetables, seafood, chocolate, artichokes and hard drinking water. Sulfur is found in protein molecules. It comes from meats, poultry, fish, eggs, milk, legumes and nuts. Trace minerals are only needed in small amounts. Trace minerals are iron, zinc, iodine, selenium,...