Mind over Matter
The difference between mental illness and insanity is that with insanity the person knows right from wrong they just view it differently. Someone that is mentally insane is a person that has a mental illness that affects the brain. They do not realize their consequences or even realize if the consequence is wrong. People who have a mental illness still have a grip on reality. A person with a mental illness usually knows they have a mental illness, but a person who is insane does not always understand that there is something wrong with their mind. The person moods, feeling and their ability to relate others are affected as well. A person that is mentally insane/criminally insane is able to tell the difference between right and wrong when it comes to their actions. The reason why the McNaughten rule cannot be used to defend a person who drinks and the commit murder is because the McNaughten sates that the person that commits murder does not know right from wrong, but a person that drinks alcohol and then commits murder does know what is right and what is wrong. When someone gets drunk it is self-induced and they bring it on themselves. I think no matter how drunk someone gets they still have a sense of reality and they know right from wrong. Rational and guilty- Rational and guilty is when an individual fully understands right from wrong and is guilty. Guilty but insane- Guilty but insane is when the person is insane but is thought to know right from wrong in the situation so they are guilty. Not guilty by reason of insanity- Not guilty by reason of insanity means the person cannot be guilty because they do not know right from wrong. I would rule that he is Guilty but insane because he committed the murder, but also he suffers from schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is a mental illness that affects the person mind, emotions, behavior and also the person ability to think correctly. It is also depends on if he was taking his schizophrenia...
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