While Victor created Frankenstein, he gave him a functioning mind capable of thinking
storing thoughts. Psychoanalysis includes several theories involving the functioning mind. Analysis
of this function involves clarifying the patient's pathological wishes, defenses, and guilt. By
analyzing conflicts psychoanalytic treatment can clairify how patients unconsciously are their own
worst enemies. By analyzing Frankenstein's compulsive thoughts and actions, the reader can
better understand Frankenstein's personality.
Victor's life is ruled by science and what other people think of him until he creates
Frankenstein. Once Frankenstein was created, Victor had an outlet for his compulsive wishes and
actions. From the minute Frankenstein was first created, Victor is scared that he created a
monstor and a duplicate of himself. The author, Mary Shelley, illustrates the consequences of the
fulfillment of one's dreams beside the obvious ones. "Natural philosophy is the genius that has
regulated my fate; I desire, therefore, in this narration, to state those facts which led to my
predilection for that science" (Frankenstein, Shelley).
Victor has a fetish for the grotesque. He has no proclivities about death. When he begins
to create Frankenstein, he does not realize the consequences of making a monster. When
Frankenstein first awakens and sees for the first time, Victor sees for the first time, and he
becomes frightened at what he has created. "I doubted at first whether I should attempt the
creation of a being like myself, or one of simplier organization; but my imagination was too much
exalted by my first success to permit me to doubt of the ability to give life to an animal as complex
and wonderful as man" (Frankenstein, Shelley). Victor's evil work is the symbol of repressed
desire. Because Victor's desire in creating Frankenstein is unknown, he looks for it in
Frankenstein, and Victor's desire becomes Frankenstein's desire. Victor wants Frankenstein to
depend on him, and he wants to top fatherhood, so Frankenstein will worship him as his father. "A
new species would bless me as its creator and source; many happy and excellent natures would
owe their being to me. No father could claim the gratitude of his child so completely as I should
deserve theirs" (Frankenstein, Shelley).
When Frankenstein is "born", Victor develops a mother-child relationship with
Frankenstein. Victor's desire is to be the recipient of love; as the fulfiller of another's desires.
According to Jacques Lacan, this desire for the mother to be a recipient of love and the fulfiller of
another's desires is repressed by the father negating authority when the child is still an infant. This
repression forms the unconscious, which the ego works to maintain (Lacan, Ecritis).
Frankenstein operates from his ego many times throughout the novel. "I imagined that
they would be disgusted, until, by my gentle demeanour and conciliating words, I should first win
their favour and afterwards their love" (Frankenstein, Shelley). Frankenstein believes he can
control his signifiers, so he naturally believes that his ability to talk and think will make up for his
appearance. He uses his social skills and intelligence to integrate himself with the cottage-
dwellers. Because of this, Frankenstein cannot present himself as whole, because he is torn from
Victor's paternal negation of his origional desire from when Frankenstein was first created. Now,
Frankenstein must rely on his own skills that Victor gave him to integreat into a community.
Frankenstein begins to read and learn how to speak, because he believes if he can speak it will
prevent the community members from seeing his hideous exterior. Frankenstein's hopes of using
speech to integrate into the community are crashed when a group of...
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