Million Dollar Throw

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Reference
Lindsey, L., Beach, S. & Ravelli, B. (2010). Core Concepts in Sociology. 2nd ICE Edition. Toronto:Prentice Hall

CHAPTER 4: SOCIALIZATION AND THE FAMILY

(File 1: SOCIALIZATION OVER THE LIFE COURSE)

THEMES:
NATURE Vs NURTURE DEBATE
THE COMPONENTS OF SELF
THE DEVELOPMENT OF SELF
THE LIFE COURSE
THE AGING PROCESS
SOCIOLOGY OF DYING

Note: See File 4.2 for Agents of Socialization and The Role of the Family

NATURE Vs NURTURE DEBATE

Determined by genes (biological determinism)?
Influenced by social environment (social determinism)?

Research studies have taken up on case analysis and comparative longitudinal studies on: - children who spent their childhood years in social isolation - feral children
- Twin studies: using either
o identical twins or
o non-identical twins as subjects

Socio-biology
- uses evolutionary doctrine (Darwinian approach) to examine the biological and evolutionary roots of social behaviours - innate drives/instincts are largely determined by genes and the bio-chemical processes - to ensure reproductive success and the survival of a species, there is a process of selection with regard to mate selection, sexuality, aggression Vs cooperation, family bonds, and the socialization of children - To what extend is masculinity and femininity affected by our genetic make up? - How does the impact of social environment compare to that of the biological forces in human? - Is it human nature? Or nurture?

SELF

SOME KEY AUTHORS:
• Charles Horton Cooley
• George Herbert Mead
• Sigmund Freud

CHARLES HORTON COOLEY’S LOOKING GLASS SELF

• How does this notion of the “Looking Glass Self” work?

Remarks

• When we are subjected to the opinions & judgment of others, what effects would their opinions have on our self-image? • Are we puppets at the mercy of other’s opinions? • How about those who want to rebel?

• Could disapproval from others provoke us to prove others wrong? • Some individuals maintain their individuality/belief in the face of opposition and threat of punishment. How could this notion of “Looking Glass Self” account for non-conformists, revolutionaries, activists, and charismatic leaders who are willing to risk their life for a vision/cause/mission/belief?

GEORGE HERBERT MEAD

• Two components of self

|I |ME | | | | | | | | | | | | |

• Three stages of socialization through role taking

|PREPARATORY STAGE |PLAY STAGE |GAME STAGE | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |...
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