Millennium Health Goals

Topics: United Nations, Millennium Development Goals, Poverty reduction Pages: 5 (1701 words) Published: January 1, 2013
The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the outcomes that are used to measure progress towards meeting the Millennium health goals. This presentation would ultimately provide details of the importance it plays for the nation and the various organizations that monitor them. It also explains in detail how the nurses are working towards the Millennium Development Goals. Adopted by world leaders in September 2000 and set to be achieved by 2015, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) provide concrete, numerical benchmarks for tackling extreme poverty in its many dimensions. The MDGs also provide a framework for the entire international community to work together towards a common end, making sure that human development reaches everyone, everywhere. The plan was for countries and development partners to work together to reduce poverty and hunger, tackle ill-health, gender inequality, lack of education, lack of access to clean water and environmental degradation. If these goals are achieved, world poverty will be cut by half, tens of millions of lives will be saved, and billions more people will have the opportunity to benefit from the global economy (United Nations Development Programme, 2010, p. 1). World leaders established eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and identified several indicators to monitor progress, several of which relate directly to health. All the goals and their targets are measured in terms of progress since 1990. Reporting on progress towards the MDGs has underscored the importance of producing more reliable and timely data. While some countries have made impressive gains in achieving health-related targets, others are falling behind. Often the countries making the least progress are those affected by high levels of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) / acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AID) economic hardship or conflict. In this presentation we will discuss in detail one of the eight MDGs which is, Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger (Jessica Fanzo, 2010, p. 1). World nations determined that the first Goal to be Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger. The main goals targeted in this MDG are as under. 1.Reduce by half the proportion of people living on less than a dollar a day. •Proportion of population below $1 (PPP) per day.

Poverty gap ratio.
Share of poorest quintile in national consumption.
2.Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people. •Growth rate of GDP per person employed.
Employment-to-population ratio.
Proportion of employed people living below $1 (PPP) per day. •Proportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment. 3.Reduce by half the proportion of people who suffer from hunger. •Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age. •Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (United Nations Development Programme, 2010, p. 1).

Monitoring and Measurements of Health Goal
Obtaining an accurate measure of progress towards the MDG1 Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger is challenging. Often, the progress at the global level masks different levels of progress at the regional, country and local levels. The regional MDG figures estimates progress although situation of individual countries within a given region may vary. Furthermore, progress varies within individual countries due to variations in geography, ethnic and religious groupings, rural and urban populations, and socioeconomic. Some of the key facts in the measurements of the progress are as under. •Fewer children are dying. Annual global deaths of children fewer than five years of age fell to 8.1 million in 2009 from 12.4 million in 1990. •Fewer children are underweight. The percentage of underweight children under five years old is estimated to have dropped from 25% in 1990 to 16% in 2010. •More women get skilled help during childbirth. The proportion of births attended by a skilled...
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