Millennium Development Goals: Where Bangladesh Stands

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  • Topic: Poverty, Millennium Development Goals, Poverty reduction
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DGMillennium Development Goals: Where Bangladesh Stands
Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger

Introduction:
The MDGs reflect a set of actions and targets that was adopted by 193 nations in 2002 based on the Millennium Declaration agreed in September 2000. The long-term aim of the agreement is the eradication of global poverty. However, it has a number of specific objectives: 1. To reduce by half the number of people living in absolute poverty, by 2015; 2. To ensure access to primary education for all children, by 2015. 3. To promote gender equality and empower women

4. To reduce by two thirds the number of children that die before their fifth birthday, by 2015; 5. To reduce by three quarters the number of women that die in childbirth, by 2015; 6. To combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

7. To reverse environmental degradation by ensuring countries originate and implement 'green strategies' by 2015 8. To develop a global partnership for development
In this regard, Bangladesh has recorded impressive feats in pulling people out of poverty, ensuring more children enrollment in school and having access to clean water. Bangladesh is among the 16 countries who have received UN recognition for being on track to achieve MDG4.

GOAL 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
"Those who suffer or who benefit least deserve help from those who benefit most" -Millennium Declaration
Around the world, 1.4 billion people are living in extreme poverty (earning less than $1.25 a day) and nearly one in seven people goes to bed hungry every night. To eradicate this viscous circle of hunger, the world leaders set three targets for 2015: •Target 1: Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than $1 a day •Target 2: Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people •Target 3: Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger

Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)|
Goals and Targets| Indicators for monitoring progress|
Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger|
Target 1.A Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than one dollar a day| Proportion of population below $1 (PPP) per dayPoverty gap ratioShare of poorest quintile in national consumption | Target 1.B: Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people| Growth rate of GDP per person employedEmployment-to-population ratioProportion of employed living people below $1 (PPP) per dayProportion of own-account and contributing family workers in total employment | Target 1.C: Halve, between 19190 and 2015 the proportion of people who suffer from hunger| Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of ageProportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption |

Target 1.A:
Goals, targets and indicators| Base year1990/1991| Current status| Target by 2015| Status of progress| 1.1:proportion of population below national upper poverty line (2122 kcal) %| 56.6(1992)| 31.5(2010)| 29| On track| 1.2: Poverty Gap Ratio| 17.0(1992)| 6.5(2010)| 8| Goal met| 1.3: Share of poorest quintile in national consumption| 8.8(2005)| 8.85(2010)| na| -| 1.3a: share of poorest quintile in national income| 6.5(1992| 5.22(2010)| -| -| Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than $1.25 a day

Target 1.B: 
Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people Goals, targets and indicators| Base year1990/1991| Current status| Target by 2015| Status of progress| 1.5: Employment to population raio (15+) %| 48.5| 59.3| For all| Need attention| Target 1.C: 

Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger Goals, targets and indicators| Base year1990/1991| Current status| Target by 2015|...
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