Millennium Development Goal 6:
To Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases
The Millennium Development Goals (MDG’S) and Declaration were adopted by United Nation member states in 2000. These have become a universal framework for development and a means for developing countries and their development partners to work together in pursuit of a shared future for all. 2015 is the target date for most goals to be achieved (UN, 2007). Progress has been made on all objectives to date but much more is still left to do on all aspects, where an inclusive effort from everyone concerned is necessary. Predictable or periodical investment flow and/or financial assistance accompanied by technical support would go a long way to aid these goals achievability for the instance of strategies and planning in particular. Many developing countries have recently starting substantially preparing such strategies and plans, coinciding with the MDG’s and need the appropriate backing and support to help with the implementation of the MDG’s which is pivotal to their realisation, before or at the target date. My group and I decided to cover the Millenium Development Goal 6 through our elective module. HIV/AIDS is recent enough in origin; the United States Centers for Disease Control published a report on the 5th June 1981 concerning a new disease that was culminating from gay men. This instance in fact marked the start of the AIDS pandemic which has grown to obscene levels ever since. There has been an inadequate and inconclusive response from the world at every level from local levels to international. HIV/AIDS which was deemed incurable has drifted from crises to disaster causing catastrophic tragedy to the human race. One can exclaim many reasons for the spread and severe impact of the disease like; lack of leadership and vision, unproductive attitudes, behaviours, adverse social reactions that often lead to stigmatisation and discrimination, silence and denial at various levels, lack of correct information, lack of large scale assistance needed to highly tackle the disease and related issues, much attention was concentrated on dealing with the disease at the level of the individual and overlooking its impact on other areas such as society, many approaches have also been insensitive to religious perceptions and values and also cultural values. In particularly the issue of promoting the use of wearing a condom has lead to suspicions, intransigence and conflict, which is unnecessary in what should be a shared world and community vision. Disease gets a place to hide among the poor which makes eradication almost impossible for the time being. Malaria and Tuberculosis (TB) are also major killer diseases particularly among the poor or developing countries, where basic treatment and preventions can again make a big positive impact. These diseases are connected by which Malaria and TB are common and fatal with people infected with HIV/AIDS. The MDG-6 is trying to tackle this problem in particularly in developing countries.
HIV is a retrovirus that can lead to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS).This leads to a deterioration in the immune system, leading to opportunistic infections. HIV targets vital cells in the human immune system. The viral RNA genome is converted to double stranded DNA by a process called reverse transcription. Two species of HIV affect humans: HIV-1 and HIV-2. Progression from HIV to “full blown” AIDS may be 10 to 15 years. For Malaria there are four types of infections; Plasmodium Falciparium, P. Vivx, P. Malariae and P. Ovale. P. flaciparium is by far the most deadly type for a human to contract. Early and effective treatment of the disease will shorten its duration and prevent complications and the majority of deaths. A price subsidy on Artemisnin-based Combination Therapies (ACTs) is resulting in greater access and increased use of antimalarial...
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