"And therefore so long as a man is in the condition of mere nature, which is a condition of war, private appetite is the measure of good and evil: and consequently all men agree on this, that peace is good, and therefore also the way or means of peace, which (as I have shown before) are justice, gratitude, modesty, equity, mercy, and the rest of the laws of nature, are good; that is to say, moral virtues; and their contrary vices, evil."
As a foundation of the law of nature he asserts that, "Don't act like you dont want what is done to you."
Rousseau relates the desire of domination, with "faculty of self-improvements". We always want to be superior than others and this causes inequality between people. So, state is required for satisfaction of people's basic needs and providing oportunities.
When it comes to Locke, the reason is the... [continues]
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