Milkfish as a Source of Biofuel

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Casabuena, Honeylen Mae B.
Celebria, Mel Marie C.
Francisco, Jaaziel L.

Chapter 1
THE PROBLEM: RATIONALE AND BACKGROUND
Bio-fuel is an innovative fuel that is rapidly becoming more available to the general public. It is made through the process of transesterification. It can be found around the country in select places or it can be bought directly from the producers. However, as the demand grows and the public realizes the benefits of a biodegradable, renewable fuel source, the price will drop. That is why the Centre for Aquaculture and Seafood Development established a demonstration bio-refinery that will convert fish oils into bio-fuel. The researchers will try to determine if the bio-fuel obtained has the same characteristics as compared to denatured alcohol. The results of this study can be a great for Filipino engaged in economy predominantly for people living in the areas with milkfish (C.Chanos) for they could be one of the major suppliers of bio-fuel.

Conceptual Framework
Independent variablesDependent variable

Figure 1.
The paradigm shows the relationship of the variables in the study.

Statement of the Problem
This study aims to determine whether Milkfish (Chanos chanos) can be a reliable source of bio-fuel in terms of density and suitability of the flame. Specifically, this study sought to answer the following questions: 1.How does the experimental bio-fuel differ from the denatured alcohol in terms of: a.Suitability of the flame(sec)?

b.Density (mL)?
2.Is there significant difference between the bio-fuel produced by Milkfish (Chanos chanos) and the denatured alcohol in terms of density and suitability of the flame? Hypothesis
This study aims to support the following hypothesis:
There is no significant difference in Milkfish (Chanos chanos) as a source of bio-fuel and the denatured alcohol in terms of density and suitability of the flame.

Definition of terms
For clarity and precision, the key terms used in this study are given their conceptual and operational meaning. Bio-fuel. A fuel (eg. alcohol) composed of or produced from biological raw materials (Miriam Dictionary, 2008). In this study, this refers to the product produced by Set-up A (Milkfish), which is to be compared with Set-up B (Denatured Alcohol). Density. A physical property of matter as each element and compound has a unique density associated with it. It is defined in a qualitative manner as the measure of the relative heaviness of objects with a constant volume(Tamban Fish Research Study, 2010). In this study, density is the dependent variable which serves as one of the bases to compare the controlled and experimental set-ups. Denatured alcohol. Is ethanol (ethyl alcohol) made unfit for drinking by addition of toxic or nauseating substances such as methanol and benzene (Webster’s Dictionary,1988). In this study this refers to the independent variable being compared to the Set- up A which is the Milkfish (Chanoschanos). Milkfish. A large, silvery food fish (Chanos chanos) of an order (Gonorhynchiformes) of toothless bony fishes, found in the tropical Pacific and Indian oceans (Miriam Dictionary, 2008). In this study, the Milkfish is refer to the one which being experimented in Set-up A. Flammability. Defined as how easily something will burn or ignite, causing fire or combustion (Tamban Fish Research Study, 2010 ). In this study, flammability is the dependent variable which serves as one of the bases to compare how long the flame will last between the controlled and experimental set-ups. Significance of the Study

The researchers were interested to investigate Milkfish ( Chanos chanos) as a source of bio-fuel. It can help make bio-fuel one of the easiest alternative fuels to use and great options to use by fishermen/fish growers in their equipment. The use of fish, such as Milkfish (Chanos chanos), would not only help the fishermen but it would also give people...
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