Before you can even begin to look and compare opportunity costs in each country you need to understand exactly what it means. According to Investopedia.com opportunity cost is defined as, “The cost of an alternative that must be forgone in order to pursue a certain action. Put another way, the benefits you could have received by taking an alternative action.” In government we see this when one economic issue takes precedent over another financially. I will show examples of this throughout this essay. (Format) Country, GDP, Military Spending, Military Spend*(100pct) / GDP, GDP/Population USA, $14.66 trillion, $595 billion, 4.06%, $47,200
Russia, $2.22 trillion, $86 billion, 3.9%, $15,900
Japan, $4.31 trillion, $34 billion, 0.8%, $34,000
Brazil, $2.17 trillion, $37 billion, 1.7%, $10,800
North Korea, $40 billion, $10 billion (est.), 25 %( est.), $1,800
These numbers are meant to give you a comparison among different countries on how the country is using money for military spending. In the above examples we are looking at numbers and percentages that are being used to fund our military instead of things like education, medical, research, etc. For example, if the US government spends $595bn on the war in Iraq, it is $595bn they cannot spend on education, health care or cutting taxes / reducing budget deficit. We can draw many different conclusions based on the numbers above, one being that the U.S GDP numbers are significantly higher; the amount of military spending is also significantly higher along with the percentages. One reason for this is that the US has more money to spend and all in all is a wealthier country. We can look at the other economic states of each country and try to add a correlation between them all, Russia has about the same percentages as the US but is about 12.4Tn less in GDP than the US. Japan is only spending .8% on Military but we all know that they are also limited and have heavy restrictions on what they are...