The first function of management is planning. Planning, according to the wikipedia encyclopedia is "deciding what needs to happen in the future and generating plans for action." Planning involves development of short or long -term plans that have objectives, goals, strategies, procedures, and standards.
As a staff sergeant, I am usually given orders from higher up on what mission I am to complete with my squad of men. It is my job to then come up with a plan on how I intend to complete this mission, gather my team and share the mission, strategy, and plan that will be followed. Many policies and standards are preset in the army, which helps minimize any resistance from the men in my squad.
It is also my job to plan for the possibility of a problem arising in the course of a mission and to give orders for an alternative course of action should "plan A" fail. No mission runs completely smooth in the midst of a battle because your plan relies on information that is constantly changing. Having a strategy for change in you plan is so important.
The second function in management is organizing. Once there is a plan established, putting all the pieces in the right place and in the right order will better prepare a team to complete the objective. A good manager will " make optimum use of the resources required to enable the successful carrying out of plans." (wikipedia) Also, each member of the team needs to be assigned...