Milestones In Psychology

Topics: Psychology, American Psychological Association, Clinical psychology Pages: 3 (1152 words) Published: December 6, 2014
1857 Joseph François Félix Babinski was born. Babinski was a French neurologist who discovered several reflexive signs for diagnosing impairment of the central nervous system. The Babinski reflex of the toes in infants is often used in introductory psychology texts as an example of an innate reflex that disappears with growth of the nervous system. A reflex used to determine adequacy of the higher (central) nervous system. Babinski reflex is one of the reflexes that occurs in infants. Reflexes are responses that occur when the body receives a certain stimulus. 1859 Charles Darwin published the On the Origin of Species, detailing his view of evolution and expanding on the theory of 'Survival of the fittest.'

Used to describe natural selection. The most “fit” will better adapt to environment. The “unfit” will have less probability of surviving. 1878 G. Stanley Hall received the first American Ph.D. in psychology. He later founded the American Psychological Association. advance the creation, communication and application of psychological knowledge to benefit society and improve people’s lives. 1879 Wilhelm Wundt founded the first formal laboratory of Psychology at the University of Leipzig. Marking the formal beginning of the study of human emotions, behaviors, and cognitions. 1900 Sigmund Freud published 'Interpretation of Dreams'. marking the beginning of Psychoanalytic Thought. The beginning of Psychoanalytic Thought. Analyzes thoughts when dreaming to explore internal conflicts or repression.

1900 — The College Entrance Examination Board (CEEB) was founded. The tests of the CEEB have been intended to provide objective measurements of academic aptitude. It is used to standardize the admissions process administratively. To have a set a curriculum 1905 Alfred Binet's Intelligence Test was published in France. accurate estimates of intelligence can be acquired by systematic tests across multiple aspects of intelligence. By compiling the data from these...
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