Middle Childhood and Adolescence Development
Changes in Peer Relationships in Middle Childhood and Adolescence Statistics say that in the stages in middle adolescence 30% of the child’s social life and
interactions there are a great stage of peer pressure. These results were compared to the 10% that
is experienced during the early childhood. They show that they are competent by demonstrating
their behaviors in these peer groups. During the elementary years in school, children have to
prove to others that they understand and that they are capable of handling the different situations
they find themselves in. They must keep a certain criteria in order to have friends. The main
concern during these peer groups is to be accepted and most of these concerns are experienced
during middle childhood. Researchers have been focusing in the friendship among the children.
Friendship is one of the most important parts of the social group between early stages of
childhood. Friends fill that special need we have inside and for a child’s development that is one
of the most important parts. They fulfill the special needs and they help with communication,
interaction, acceptance, companionship and social skills.
Peer is more related to the social and popularity status and its acceptance and friendship
represents more that relationship that is built on appreciation, respect and most importantly being
liked. When the child has reached its adolescence stage, they will experience support from their
friends and this will help in their social skills. When they are younger, they don’t experience this
as much. So, the more friends they have, the more acceptances they will feel from the larger
Jean Piaget theory of cognitive development derived from concept of egocentrism. Adolescents Egocentric explains how a teenager feels about him or herself. During the development of adolescence the human body experiences several mental and physical changes. According to Elkind (1967), adolescent’s mental abilities heighten his or her self-consciousness. Adolescent egocentrism actually reflects a weakness in their thinking that is distinctive of early formal operations. Egocentric thoughts develops in two aspects which includes the awareness that an individual sees things in a different perspective and doesn’t seem to understand that others may hold thoughts, emotions, and views different form his or hers. Egocentric is a complex concept that encompasses a wide range of questions of early cognitive development. Studies have shown that female’s egocentrism is more prevalent during their early adolescent period and gradually slows down during their later period of adolescence. The main aspect of egocentrism is both social and cognitive because it reflects o more of how individuals want others to perceive them (Sanrock 2007). For example, many teen spend more time grooming themselves than any other factor in his or her lives. According to Elkind (1967) transitions of the formal operations stages involve its own differences about egocentrism. Personal fables also encourage the adolescent egocentrism that reflect on how an individual relates to others. Adolescence experiencing egocentrism is often seen as a non-positive aspect part of their thoughts because adolescents become taken in with who they are and are unable to function properly in society due to their bias translation of reality. Formal operational thinkers view things in greater complexity and to perceive many different aspects of a situation. Studies today have explained that egocentrism is not always present in the late stages of adolescence. However it depends a great deal on the environment whereas he or she was raised. Peer Pressure
Adolescents are faced with a...