Within the world of business, the main “responsibility” for corporations has historically been to make money and increase shareholder value. In other words, corporate financial responsibility has been the sole bottom line driving force. However, in the last decade, a movement defining broader corporate responsibilities– for the environment, for local communities, for working conditions, and for ethical practices–has gathered momentum and taken hold. This new driving force is known as corporate social responsibility (CSR). CSR is oftentimes also described as the corporate “triple bottom line”–the totality of the corporation’s financial, social, and environmental performance in conducting its business. As the commercial sector increases its investments in corporate social responsibility in its three usual venues (the workplace, the marketplace, and the community), USAID is presented with the unique opportunity to create corporate partnerships that can help expand, enhance, and sustain its health efforts in developing countries. Corporate social responsibility (CSR), also known as sustainable responsible business (SRB), or corporate social performance, is a form of corporate self-regulation integrated into a business model. Ideally, CSR policy would function as a built-in, self-regulating mechanism whereby business would monitor and ensure their adherence to law, ethical standards, and internati onal norms. Business would embrace responsibility for the impact of their activities on the environment, consumers, employees, communities, stockholders and all other members of the public sphere Corporate Social Responsibility is a very well known concept in the present day world. Infact the corporate giants are very conversant with corporate social responsibility or corporate sustainability –in today's parlance.. The responsibility they have towards the society and the community as a whole cannot be denied. A tremendous surge and then a sustained consistency in the progress of the concept of CSR has been witnessed over a span of quite a number of years, elevating it to the highest pedestal of importance in all aspects of business and production, be it private or public.
In the modern times the concept CSR incorporates and strives to explain and clarify numerous co related and uncorrelated issues peculiarly, particularly or especially pertinent to SOCIAL and environmental interests and welfare, keeping in full view the financial interests and benefits of the shareholders. Responsibility has more or less taken the shape of accountability and obligation. Business ethics has also been brought into the arena of corporate social responsibility. Infact an ethical business performance acts as a positive catalyst in hastening the process of corporate success via motivating the employees and the underlying system. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is a commitment to improve community well-being through discretionary business practices and contributions of corporate resources. However it is not charity but it is a core business strategy of an organization. It is not a common term,infact many Indian companies talked about responsible business or triple P(People, Planet and Profit).Some others of corporate citizenship or stewardship, responsible entrepreneurship and triple bottom line. Responsible competitiveness is nothing other than CSR.
WHAT IS CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY ?
While there is no universal definition of corporate social responsibility, it generally refers to transparent business practices that are based on ethical values, compliance with legal requirements, and respect for people, communities, and the environment. Thus, beyond making profits, companies are responsible for the totality of their impact on people and the planet.1 “People” constitute the company’s stakeholders: its employees, customers, business partners, investors, suppliers and vendors, the government, and the community. Increasingly,...