Microcephaly

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Microcephaly

By | Jan. 2009
Page 1 of 11
MICROCEPHALY

Submitted to:

Ms. Lorna Ruanto, RN

Submitted by:

Group 44B

Chua, Mark Lawrence

Chiapco, Rose Ann

Concepcion, John King

Contrata, Jennifer

Cruz, Lilet

Deato, Reden

OBJECTIVES:

1. To be able to learn and understand the concept of microcephaly.

2. To be able to formulate an effective nursing care plan for an infant having microcephaly.

3. To be able to give recommendations to the parents regarding the next pregnancy to prevent the incidence of having a child with microcephaly.

Introduction

 

This study would help us understand the concept about the case. Our knowledge will be expanded when we will be able to discover the cause and effect of this microcephaly.

Microcephaly is a rare condition in which the head is abnormally small.

Microcephaly is usually present at birth, but it can also develop during the first few years of life. Thus, it is possible for the head to be normal in size at birth, but to stop growing at a normal rate, causing it to be too small.

Brain damage during birth can also lead to microcephaly, as can disease or any trauma. Trauma is most likely to lead to microcephaly during the last three months of pregnancy or when the child is a young infant.

  Microcephaly is a condition that can be present at birth in which the baby's head is much smaller than normal for an infant of that age and gender. "Micro" means small and "cephaly" refers to the head. Most children with microcephaly also have a small brain and mental retardation. However, some children with small heads have normal intelligence. Unfortunately, in other children, the growth of the brain may have been affected by any one of a number of factors.

 

It is most often caused by genetic abnormalities that interfere with the growth of the cerebral cortex during the early months of fetal development.  But, genetic counseling may help families understand the risk for microcephaly in subsequent pregnancies....