Micro and Macro Environment

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1.1 The micro-environment
This environment influences the organization directly. It includes suppliers that deal directly or indirectly, consumers and customers, and other local stakeholders. Micro tends to suggest small, but this can be misleading. In this context, micro describes the relationship between firms and the driving forces that control this relationship. It is a more local relationship, and the firm may exercise a degree of influence. These are internal factors close to the company that have a direct impact on the organisations strategy. These factors include customers, employees, suppliers, shareholders, media, competitors. Customers

Organisations survive on the basis of meeting the needs,  wants and providing benefits for their customers. Failure to do so will result in a failed business strategy. Employees
Employing the correct staff and keeping these staff motivated is an essential part of the strategic planning process of an organisation. Training and development plays an essential role particular in service sector marketing in-order to gain a  competitive edge.  This is clearly apparent in the airline industry. Suppliers

Increase in raw material prices will have a knock on affect on the marketing mix strategy of an organisation. Prices may be forced up as a result. Closer supplier relationships is one way of ensuring competitive and quality products for an organisation.  Shareholders

As organisation require greater inward investment for growth they face increasing pressure to move from private ownership to public.  However this movement unleashes the forces of shareholder pressure on the strategy of organisations. Satisfying shareholder needs may result in a change in tactics employed by an organisation. Many internet companies who share prices rocketed in 1999 and early 2000 have seen the share price tumble as they face pressures from shareholders to turn in a profit. In a market which has very quickly become overcrowded many havel...
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