Michael Alexander Kirkwood Halliday

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Culture is extremely complex, with many influential aspects and defining characteristics. Language is one of these complex characteristics that every culture holds. However, no matter what culture one belongs to, the learning of their language is relative to environment. From infancy social contact is a huge factor in the child's ability to grasp language. Exposure to language and modeling are also important concepts in this process. There are many theories on the language learning system, and how certain factors effect the overall process of learning; although, Michael Halliday proposed a theory that stated language development works through three main stages: learning the language, learning through the language, and learning about the language.

Michael Alexander Kirkwood Halliday was born, 1925, in England where he remained all throughout his childhood. Halliday decided to attend the University of London to study modern Chinese language and literature (Mandarin) for a BA. After London, he decided it best to live in China to continue his study. Halliday lived and studied in China for three years, while attending PeKing University and Lingnan University. After his devoted study in China, he returned to Cambridge to obtain a PhD in Chinese Linguistics. During this time, Halliday taught Chinese for a number of years, and started to specifically focus on linguistics. Halliday experienced culture and language-learning difficulties first hand, while gaining knowledge on how this process of development works. He studied language development with great intensity and developed a theory on this development: the Systematic Functional Linguistics. Many basic concepts of this theory were based on teachings by his British teacher, J. R. Firth and a group of European linguists of the early 20th century. Halliday's final research and theory was published in 1961. Halliday went on to become the Professor of Linguistics at the University of London in 1965. Even after...
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