The Mexican Revolution
Mexico has had many revolutions, but one of the most famous has been the Mexican Revolution of 1910-1920. “This revolution proved to be the rise and fall of many leaders,” (History of the Mexican Revolution). People wanted to stay in power, others wanted to gain power, and others just wanted their liberty. Many alliances were formed, there were many traitors, and a lot of blood ran through this revolution.
The Mexican Revolution first began when the Mexicans wanted to overthrow President Porfirio Diaz. At the beginning of his ruling, Mexico gained many things. Under Diaz ruling Mexico created a more stable , stronger government, quality of their lives improved, police force enforced Diaz laws, and many highways, railroads, telegraph lines, oil fields, and mining industries were rejuvenated, (History of the Mexican Revolution). Although Diaz started strong as President of Mexico, for many people he became a dictator. When the elections of 1910 began, Francisco I. Madero ran against Diaz. “Just before the elections, Diaz falsely accused Madero and had him thrown in jail,” (History of the Mexican Revolution). When Madero got out of jail, he fled to San Antonio, Texas, where he issued the Plan of San Luis Potosi. “The Plan of San Potosi calling for the nullification of the elections and upon Mexicans to take up arms against the government. The date of its issue marks the beginning of the Mexican Revolutions,”(The Plan of San Luis Potosi, November 20, 1910). While in Texas, Madero declared Diaz a war and hence forth started the Revolution.
In the Plan of San Luis Potosi, Madero expressed his ideas of Diaz. Madero believed that the “Peace” that was offered and taken by the Mexicans was “peace full of shame for the Mexican nation, because its basis is not law, but force,” (The Plan of San Luis Potosi, November 20, 1910). According to Madero the administration of justice help the wealthy, strong, instead of giving protection to the poor, weak. He also believed that the representatives did not bring justice to Mexico, but served for their own interests. “From this it results that the whole administrative, judicial, and legislative machinery obeys a single will, the caprice of General Porfirio Diaz, who during his long administration has shown that the principal motive that guides him is to maintain himself in power and at any cost, (The Plan of San Luis Potosi, November 20, 1910). Madero stated that Diaz was a dictator, who only wanted to be in power and would do anything to stay in power, and that unfortunately, he had all of the government control, and what ever he said would apply in Mexico's ruling. In this plan he also stated that many people were afraid of Diaz, therefore, the people would never organize a movement to take away the Diaz power that he has misused. Madero was convinced that he, with the help of others, could take Diaz power and free Mexico. “I have very well realized that if the people have designated me as their candidate for the Presidency it is not because they have had an opportunity to discover in me the qualities of a statesman or of a ruler, but the virility of the patriot determined to sacrifice himself, if need be, to obtain liberty and to help the people free themselves from the odious tyranny that oppresses them,” (The Plan of San Luis Potosi, November 20, 1910). Madero declared to be a men for the people, who will do anything to get Mexico back. He also declared that the past elections, where he ran against Diaz, was a fraud the Diaz plan to stay in power. Madero wanted to go against Diaz so that the people would gain the freedom they rightfully earned after fighting for their independence. “With all honesty I declare that it would be a weakness on my part and treason to the people, who have placed their confidence in me, not to put myself at the front of my fellow citizens, who anxiously call me from all parts of the country, to compel General Diaz by force of arms, to...
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